San Clemente Island Pyramid Head, the distinctive pyramid shaped southern end of the island.  San Clemente Island Pyramid Head, showing geologic terracing, underwater reefs and giant kelp forests

San Clemente Island Pyramid Head, showing geologic terracing, underwater reefs and giant kelp forests

Aerial photo of the West End of Catalina Island

Aerial Photo Of Catalina Island

Middle Coronado Island, viewed from the south, Coronado Islands (Islas Coronado)

Middle Coronado Island, Islas Coronado, Mexico, viewed from the south.

Cabo Pearce on Socorro Island, aerial photo, Revillagigedos Islands, Mexico, Socorro Island (Islas Revillagigedos)

Cabo Pearce, Socorro Island, Mexico, Aerial Photo

San Benedicto Island and Barcena crater, aerial photo, Revillagigedos Islands, Mexico, San Benedicto Island (Islas Revillagigedos)

San Benedicto Island And Barcena Crater, Aerial Photo

North Coronado Island, Mexico, northern point looking south with Middle and South Islands in the distance, aerial photograph, Coronado Islands (Islas Coronado)

North Coronado Island, Mexico, Aerial Photograph, Coronado Islands

Aerial panorama of Clipperton Island, showing the entire atoll.  Clipperton Island, a minor territory of France also known as Ile de la Passion, is a small (2.3 sq mi) but  spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

Clipperton Island, Aerial Panoramic Photo

Webster Point, Santa Barbara Island, aerial photograph

Webster Point Santa Barbara Island Aerial Photo

Barcena volcano crater, highest point on San Benedicto Island, Revillagigedos, Mexico, San Benedicto Island (Islas Revillagigedos)

Barcena Crater On San Benedicto Island, Aerial Photo

The French tricolor flag flies over Clipperton Island at sunset. Clipperton Island, a minor territory of France also known as Ile de la Passion, is a spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

French Flag Flies Over Clipperton Island, Aerial Photo

Point Bennett, San Miguel Island, aerial photograph

Point Bennett San Miguel Island Aerial Photo

Darwins Arch, a dramatic 50-foot tall natural lava arch, rises above the ocean a short distance offshore of Darwin Island

Darwin's Arch, Darwin Island, Galapagos

Rose Islet, Rose Atoll National Wildlife Sanctuary

Rose Island, Rose Atoll NWR, American Samoa

Mountains, glaciers and ocean, the rugged and beautiful topography of South Georgia Island, Grytviken

Mountains, glaciers and ocean, near Grytviken, South Georgia Island, Southern Ocean.

Catalina Island, West End

Catalina Island

Isla San Francisquito, Aerial Photo, Sea of of Cortez

Isla San Francisquito, Aerial Photo, Sea Of Of Cortez

Sunrise on morros near south end of Guadalupe Island, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Barren Volcanic Terrain, Isla Guadalupe, Mexico, Guadalupe Island

Punta Colorada and San Gabriel Bay, aerial photo, Isla Espiritu Santo, Sea of Cortez, Mexico

Punta Colorada And San Gabriel Bay, Espiritu Santo, Isla Espiritu Santo

Guadalupe Island at sunrise, panorama. Volcanic coastline south of Pilot Rock and Spanish Cove, near El Faro lighthouse, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Guadalupe Island at sunrise, panorama. Volcanic coastline south of Pilot Rock and Spanish Cove, near El Faro lighthouse. Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe), Baja California, Mexico.

Punta Norte, the northern point of Guadalupe Island, viewed from the north.  Punta Desfiladero (Blunt Point) and Roca Elefante are just visible at far right, and Roca Piloto (Pilot Rock) is see to the left of the island against the distant sweep of the cliffs that comprise the northeastern bight of the island, actually the rim of an enormous caldera, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Panorama of Punta Norte, the north end of Guadalupe Island

Coconut palm trees on Clipperton Island, aerial photo. Clipperton Island is a spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

Coconut Palms On Clipperton Island, Aerial Photo

Coral Reef at Clipperton Island, aerial photo. Clipperton has healthy, beautiful coral reefs.  The white beaches are composed of white coralline rubble. Clipperton Island, a minor territory of France also known as Ile de la Passion, is a spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

Coral Reef At Clipperton Island, Aerial Photo

Cabo Pearce on Socorro Island, aerial photo, Revillagigedos Islands, Mexico, Socorro Island (Islas Revillagigedos)

Cabo Pearce, Socorro Island, Mexico, Aerial Photo

San Miguel Island, aerial photograph

San Miguel Island Aerial Photo

San Miguel Island south side, aerial photograph

San Miguel Island Aerial Photo

Anacapa Island, west end, aerial photo

Anacapa Island Aerial Photo

Anacapa Island, aerial photo

Anacapa Island Aerial Photo

Anacapa Island, east end, aerial photo

Anacapa Island Aerial Photo

A SCUBA diver enters a submarine cavern at Santa Barbara Island, underwater cave

A Scuba Diver Enters A Submarine Cavern At Santa Barbara Island

Aerial panorama of Clipperton Island, showing the entire atoll.  Clipperton Island, a minor territory of France also known as Ile de la Passion, is a small (2.3 sq mi) but  spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

Clipperton Island, Aerial Panoramic Photo

coralline algae reef, Porolithon, Rose Atoll National Wildlife Sanctuary

Coralline Algae, Rose Atoll National Wildlife Sanctuary

Isla Afuera, Guadalupe Island, daybreak, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Isla Afuera, Isla Guadalupe, Mexico, Guadalupe Island

Boat Horizon below eastern cliffs of Isla Afuera, sunrise, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Horizon At Isla Afuera, Guadalupe Island

Clouds held back by island crest, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

White Cliffs, Clouds, Isla Guadalupe, Guadalupe Island

East face and shoreline of southernmost morro, daybreak, Guadalupe Island (Isla Guadalupe)

Butterfly Cove, Sunrise, Guadalupe Island, Mexico

San Clemente Island, aerial photo, steep cliffs and mountainous terrain on the south eastern shore of the island

San Clemente Island, Aerial Photo

Coral Reef at Clipperton Island, aerial photo. Clipperton has healthy, beatiful coral reefs.  The white beaches are composed of white coralline rubble. Clipperton Island, a minor territory of France also known as Ile de la Passion, is a spectacular coral atoll in the eastern Pacific. By permit HC / 1485 / CAB (France)

Coral Reef At Clipperton Island, Aerial Photo

Punta Prieta and San Gabriel Bay, Aerial Photo, Sunset, Isla Espiritu Santo, Baja California, Mexico

Punta Prieta And San Gabriel Bay, Aerial Photo, Sunset, Isla Espiritu Santo

Isla Partida north end and Punta Maru, aerial photo, Sea of Cortez

Isla Partida Aerial Photo, Sea Of Cortez

La Reina Lighthouse Reef, Sea of Cortez, aerial photo

La Reina Lighthouse Reef, Sea Of Cortez

South Georgia Island coastline, showing the island's characteristic rugged topography.  56% of the island is covered by 161 glaciers, which have created numerous large bays and inlets that provide excellent habitat for marine animals and seabirds. Mountains meet the sea in steep-sided seacliffs covered with sparse vegetation.  The highest point on South Georgia Island is Mt. Paget at 2,915m

South Georgia Island Coastline

South Coronado Island, Mexico, northern point showing underwater reef structure, aerial photograph, Coronado Islands (Islas Coronado)

South Coronado Island, Mexico, Aerial Photograph, Coronado Islands

South Coronado Island, Mexico, eastern side, Middle and North Islands in the distance, aerial photograph, Coronado Islands (Islas Coronado)

South Coronado Island, Mexico, Aerial Photograph, Coronado Islands

Black-browed albatross in flight, over the enormous colony at Steeple Jason Island in the Falklands, Thalassarche melanophrys

Black-browed Albatross In Flight, Steeple Jason Island

Steeple Jason Island, southwestern exposure, looking south pass the isthmus toward the southern half of the island.  Steeple Jason is one of the remote Jason Group of Islands in the West Falklands.  Uninhabited, the island is spectacular both for its rugged scenery and its enormous breeding colony of black-browed albatross.  Steeple Jason Island is now owned and administered by the Wildlife Conservation Society

Steeple Jason Island, Falklands

King penguin colony and the Bay of Isles on the northern coast of South Georgia Island.  Over 100,000 nesting pairs of king penguins reside here.  Dark patches in the colony are groups of juveniles with fluffy brown plumage.  The icebreaker M/V Polar Star lies at anchor, Aptenodytes patagonicus, Salisbury Plain

King penguin colony and the Bay of Isles on the northern coast of South Georgia Island, Aptenodytes patagonicus.

Fortuna Bay, with icebreaker M/V Polar Star at anchor

Fortuna Bay, South Georgia Island

Marine iguana, Amblyrhynchus cristatus, James Island

Marine Iguana, James Island, Galapagos

Gentoo penguins coming ashore, after foraging at sea, walking through ocean water as it wades onto a sand beach.  Adult gentoo penguins grow to be 30" and 19lb in size.  They feed on fish and crustaceans.  Gentoo penguins reside in colonies well inland from the ocean, often formed of a circular collection of stones gathered by the penguins, Pygoscelis papua, New Island

Gentoo penguins coming ashore, New Island, Falkland Islands. Pygoscelis papua.

Feather boa kelp (long brown fuzzy stuff) and other marine algae cover the rocky reef, Egregia menziesii, San Clemente Island

Feather boa kelp and other marine algae cover the rocky reef.

Los Islotes, part of Archipelago Espiritu Santo, Sea of Cortez, Aerial Photo

Los Islotes, Sea Of Cortez, Aerial Photo

Northeastern coast of Steeple Jason Island, looking toward the southern half of the island.  Steeple Jason is one of the remote Jason Group of Islands in the West Falklands.  Uninhabited, the island is spectacular both for its rugged scenery and its enormous breeding colony of black-browed albatross.  Steeple Jason Island is now owned and administered by the Wildlife Conservation Society

Northeastern Coast Of Steeple Jason Island

Macaroni penguins, on the rocky shoreline of Hercules Bay, South Georgia Island.  One of the crested penguin species, the macaroni penguin bears a distinctive yellow crest on its head.  They grow to be about 12 lb and 28" high.  Macaroni penguins eat primarily krill and other crustaceans, small fishes and cephalopods, Eudyptes chrysolophus

Macaroni Penguin, Hercules Bay

Adelie penguins at the nest, part of the large nesting colony of penguins that resides along the lower slopes of Devil Island, Pygoscelis adeliae

Adelie penguins at the nest, a colony on the slopes of Devil Island, Antarctica. Pygoscelis adeliae.

South Georgia Island coastline, showing the island's characteristic rugged topography.  56% of the island is covered by 161 glaciers, which have created numerous large bays and inlets that provide excellent habitat for marine animals and seabirds. Mountains meet the sea in steep-sided seacliffs covered with sparse vegetation.  The highest point on South Georgia Island is Mt. Paget at 2,915m

South Georgia Island Coastline

King penguin colony at Salisbury Plain, Bay of Isles, South Georgia Island.  Over 100,000 pairs of king penguins nest here, laying eggs in December and February, then alternating roles between foraging for food and caring for the egg or chick, Aptenodytes patagonicus

King Penguin, Salisbury Plain

Steeple Jason Island at sunrise, one of the remote Jason Group of Islands in the West Falklands.  Uninhabited, the island is spectacular both for its rugged scenery and its enormous breeding colony of black-browed albatross.  Steeple Jason Island is now owned and administered by the Wildlife Conservation Society

Steeple Jason Island At Sunrise

Hercules Bay, with the steep mountains and narrow waterfalls of South Georgia Island rising above

Hercules Bay, South Georgia Island

Reindeer on South Georgia Island.  Reindeer (known as caribou when wild) were introduced to South Georgia Island by Norway in the early 20th Century.  There are now two distinct herds which are permanently separated by glaciers, Rangifer tarandus, Fortuna Bay

Reindeer, Fortuna Bay

Adelie penguins navigate a steep dropoff, to get from their nests down to a rocky beach, in order to go to sea to forage for food, Pygoscelis adeliae, Paulet Island

Adelie penguins, Paulet Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Pygoscelis adeliae.

Interesting rock formations on plateau atop New Island, with sheer rugged seacliffs and the ocean beyond

Interesting Rock Formations On Plateau Atop New Island

Beautiful white sand beach, on the southern tip of Carcass Island, with gentoo and Magellanic penguins coming and going to sea

Beautiful White Sand Beach, Carcass Island

King penguin colony, Right Whale Bay, South Georgia Island.  Over 100,000 pairs of king penguins nest on South Georgia Island each summer, Aptenodytes patagonicus

King Penguin Colony, Right Whale Bay

Glacial melt waters, runoff, flows across an alluvial flood plain between mountains, on its way to Stromness Bay, Stromness Harbour

Stromness Harbour

A hiker ascends the slopes of South Georgia Island above Fortuna Bay

Fortuna Bay

Summit of Devil Island, with Vega Island in the distance

Devil Island

China Hat Point, San Clemente Island, sunrise

China Hat Point, San Clemente Island

A forest of giant kelp, growing just below the ocean surface along the shores of San Clemente Island, Macrocystis pyrifera

A Forest Of Giant Kelp, San Clemente Island

Northwest promontory of Santa Barbara Island, part of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary.  Santa Barbara Island lies 38 miles offshore of the coast of California, near Los Angeles and San Pedro

Northwest Promontory Of Santa Barbara Island

Sutil Island,a small barren island near Santa Barbara Island, part of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary.  Santa Barbara Island lies 38 miles offshore of the coast of California, near Los Angeles and San Pedro

Sutil Island, Santa Barbara Island

Western landing and National Park buildings on Santa Barbara Island, part of the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary.  Santa Barbara Island lies 38 miles offshore of the coast of California, near Los Angeles and San Pedro

Western Landing And National Park Buildings On Santa Barbara Island

Enormous colony of Adelie penguins covers the hillsides of Paulet Island, Pygoscelis adeliae

Adelie Penguin, Paulet Island

Chinstrap penguins at Bailey Head, Deception Island.  Chinstrap penguins enter and exit the surf on the black sand beach at Bailey Head on Deception Island.  Bailey Head is home to one of the largest colonies of chinstrap penguins in the world, Pygoscelis antarcticus

Chinstrap Penguins At Bailey Head, Deception Island

Distant icebergs, mountains, clouds, ocean at dawn, in the South Shetland Islands, near Deception Island

Distant Icebergs, Deception Island

Devil Island, Antarctica Peninsula

Devil Island, Antarctica Peninsula.

Blunden Island (foreground) and Vargas Island (distance), surrounded by the waters of Clayoquot Sound, west coast of Vancouver Island, Tofino, British Columbia, Canada

Blunden Island (Foreground) And Vargas Island (Distance), Tofino

M/V Polar Star on its way to Brown Bluff in the Antarctic Sound

M/V Polar Star on its way to Brown Bluff in the Antarctic Sound.

Adelie penguins, nesting, part of the enormous colony on Paulet Island, with the tall ramparts of the island and clouds seen in the background. Adelie penguins nest on open ground and assemble nests made of hundreds of small stones, Pygoscelis adeliae

Adelie Penguins, Paulet Island

Rose islet and Pisonia trees, Rose Atoll National Wildlife Sanctuary

Rose Island, Rose Atoll, Rose Atoll National Wildlife Sanctuary

Humpback whale competitive group, surfacing and blowing, Megaptera novaeangliae, Molokai

Humpback Whale, Molokai

Brown pelican, Pelecanus occidentalis, North Seymour Island

Brown Pelican, North Seymour Island

Darwin Island, with Darwins Arch on the right.  Darwin Island is the northernmost of the Galapagos Islands and is home to enormous numbers of seabirds

Darwin Island

Wolf Island is the largest of the islands in the distant northern island group of the Galapagos archipelago, is home to hundreds of thousands of seabirds.  Vast schools of sharks and fish inhabit the waters surrounding Wolf Island

Wolf Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

Brown pelican, waves, rocks and cliffs, sunset, Pelecanus occidentalis, Wolf Island

Brown Pelican, Wolf Island

Kelp fronds grow upward from the reef below to reach the ocean surface and spread out to form a living canopy, Macrocystis pyrifera, San Clemente Island

Giant Kelp, San Clemente Island

Mangrove shoreline.  Mangroves have vertical branches, pheumatophores, that serve to filter out salt and provide fresh water to the leaves of the plant.  Many juvenile fishes and young marine animals reside in the root systems of the mangroves.  Punta Albemarle, Isabella Island

Mangroves, Punta Albemarle, Isabella Island

Boat Lammer Law lies at anchor near Isabella Island

Lammer Law At Isabella Island

Isabella Island

Isabella Island Coastline

Molokai and water pools, viewed from west Maui

Molokai And Water Pools, Maui

Molokai summit and cloud, viewed from west Maui

Molokai Summit And Cloud

Sperm whale blows in front of Tokyo Broadcasting System film crew, Physeter macrocephalus, Sao Miguel Island

Sperm Whale, Sao Miguel Island

Socorro Island, sea cliffs and hills, Socorro Island (Islas Revillagigedos)

Socorro Island

Haleakala Volcano crater slope, Maui

Haleakala Volcano Crater Slope, Maui

West Maui and smoke from burning cut sugar cane.  Cane fields are often burned to clear cane cuttings, which produces huge amounts of smoke and ash

Maui

Haleakala volcano crater, Maui

Haleakala Volcano Crater, Maui

Haleakala volcano crater, Maui

Haleakala Volcano Crater, Maui

Napili Point Resort, west Maui

Napili Point Resort, Maui

West Maui mountains rise above the coast of Maui, with clouds flanking the ancient eroded remnants of a volcano

Maui

West Maui mountains rise above the coast of Maui, with clouds flanking the ancient eroded remnants of a volcano

Maui

Roca Partida, a small remote seamount in the Revillagigedos

Roca Partida

Illegal fishing at Roca Partida, Revillagigedos

Illegal Fishing At Roca Partida