Detail within the Mandelbrot set fractal. This detail is found by zooming in on the overall Mandelbrot set image, finding edges and buds with interesting features. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 10421

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 10421

Detail within the Mandelbrot set fractal. This detail is found by zooming in on the overall Mandelbrot set image, finding edges and buds with interesting features. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 10422

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 10422

Detail within the Mandelbrot set fractal. This detail is found by zooming in on the overall Mandelbrot set image, finding edges and buds with interesting features. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 10423

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 10423

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18724

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18724

Fractal design. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18725

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18725

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18726

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18726

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18727

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18727

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18728

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18728

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18730

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18730

Fractal design. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18733

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18733

Fractal design. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18734

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18734

Fractal design. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18735

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18735

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18736

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18736

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18738

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18738

The Mandelbrot Fractal. Fractals are complex geometric shapes that exhibit repeating patterns typified by *self-similarity*, or the tendency for the details of a shape to appear similar to the shape itself. Often these shapes resemble patterns occurring naturally in the physical world, such as spiraling leaves, seemingly random coastlines, erosion and liquid waves. Fractals are generated through surprisingly simple underlying mathematical expressions, producing subtle and surprising patterns. The basic iterative expression for the Mandelbrot set is z = z-squared + c, operating in the complex (real, imaginary) number set.

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,*Mandelbrot set*

Image ID: 18740

Species: Mandelbrot fractal,

Image ID: 18740

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by University of California San Diego engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09768

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09768

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by University of California San Diego engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09769

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09769

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Texas A and M University engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09770

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09770

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Texas A and M University engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09771

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09771

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by University of Washington engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09772

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09772

The propellers and steering foils of a human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by University of Washington engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09773

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09773

The OMER 5 human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Montreal, Canadas École de Technologie Supérieure (University of Quebec) engineering students. The submersible is 16 feet long and has two people inside powering and piloting the sub. Made of high tech composite materials and containing networked computers, the OMER 5 has reached a speed of nearly 7 knots underwater, a world record for human-powered submarines.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09774

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09774

The OMER 5 human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Montreal, Canadas École de Technologie Supérieure (University of Quebec) engineering students. The submersible is 16 feet long and has two people inside powering and piloting the sub. Made of high tech composite materials and containing networked computers, the OMER 5 has reached a speed of nearly 7 knots underwater, a world record for human-powered submarines.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09775

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09775

The OMER 5 human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Montreal, Canadas École de Technologie Supérieure (University of Quebec) engineering students. The submersible is 16 feet long and has two people inside powering and piloting the sub. Made of high tech composite materials and containing networked computers, the OMER 5 has reached a speed of nearly 7 knots underwater, a world record for human-powered submarines.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09776

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09776

The OMER 5 human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by Montreal, Canadas École de Technologie Supérieure (University of Quebec) engineering students. The submersible is 16 feet long and has two people inside powering and piloting the sub. Made of high tech composite materials and containing networked computers, the OMER 5 has reached a speed of nearly 7 knots underwater, a world record for human-powered submarines.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09777

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09777

A human-powered submarine passes through an underwater electronic timing gate that will measure the speed of the sub, designed, built and operated by University of California San Diego engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09778

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09778

Student engineers prepare a human-powered submarine for an underwater time trial. The submarines pilot and source of power is visible in the cockpit, and breathes on SCUBA while operating the sub. The submersible was designed, built and operated by High Tech High School (San Diego, California) engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09779

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09779

A human-powered submarine, composed off a streamlined casing which encloses half the operator as well as his air supply. The operator kicks a single large monofin to propel the sleek submersible. It was designed, built and operated by Virginia Tech engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09780

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09780

A human-powered submarine, composed off a streamlined casing which encloses half the operator as well as his air supply. The operator kicks a single large monofin to propel the sleek submersible. It was designed, built and operated by Virginia Tech engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09781

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09781

A human-powered submarine, designed, built and operated by University of California San Diego engineering students.

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09782

Location: Offshore Model Basin, Escondido, California

Image ID: 09782

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All photographs copyright © Phillip Colla / Oceanlight.com, all rights reserved worldwide.

All photographs copyright © Phillip Colla / Oceanlight.com, all rights reserved worldwide.