Following is an informal list of Cypraea species, subspecies and forms, accompanied by photographs where available. Specimens available for sale are indicated. Clicking on a photo or taxon will display all photos for that species.
 
Cypraea (Schilderia) achatidea achatidea (Sowerby 1837)
Cypraea achatidea acatidea
Agate Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean Sea to West Africa
Cypraea (Schilderia) achatidea inopinata (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea achatidea inopinata
Agate Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Schilderia) achatidea inopinata f. longinqua (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea achatidea inopinata longinqua
Agate Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Schilderia) achatidea achatidea f. oranica (Crosse 1896)
Cypraea achatidea oranica
Agate Cowrie
Range: North Africa
Cypraea (Erosaria) acicularis acicularis (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea acicularis
Bristled Cowrie
Range: Florida to Brazil
Cypraea (Erosaria) acicularis sanctaehelenae (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea acicularis sanctaehelenae
St. Helena Island Cowrie
Range: Ascension, St. Helena
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) aenigma (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea aenigma
Cypraea (Erosaria) albuginosa (Gray 1825)
Cypraea albuginosa
Albugine Cowrie
Range: Eastern Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) albuginosa f. nariaeformis (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea albuginosa nariaeformis
Albugine Cowrie
Range: Galapagos Islands
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) alexhuberti (Lorenz & Huber)
Cypraea alexhuberti
Alex Hubert's Cowrie
Range: Southern Andaman Sea
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) alfredensis alfredensis (Schilder 1929)
Cypraea alfredensis alfredensis
Port Alfred Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Transkei, South Africa
Cypraea alfredensis alfredensis immaculata
Immaculate Port Alfred Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Transkei, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) alfredensis transkeiana (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea alfredensis transkeiana
Port Alfred Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Transkei, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) algoensis algoensis (Gray 1825)
Cypraea algoensis
Algoa Bay Cowrie
Range: Table Bay to False Bay, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) algoensis permarginata (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea algoensis permarginata
Strongly Margined Algoensis Cowrie
Range: Cape Agulhas to Algoa Bay, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) algoensis permarginata f. sanfrancisca (Chiapponi 1998)
Cypraea algoensis permarginata sanfrancisca
Strongly Margined Algoensis Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) amphithales (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea amphithales
Vacillating Cowrie
Range: Port Elizabeth to East London, South Africa
Notable: It is argued that Cypraea amphithales is not a true species at all, but rather a hybrid between Cypraea edentula or Cypraea alfredensis and Cypraea capensis.
Cypraea (Palmadusta) androyensis (Blocher & Lorenz 1999)
Cypraea androyensis
Androy Cowrie
Range: Southern Madagascar
Cypraea (Palmadusta) androyensis f. consanguinea (Blocher & Lorenz 1999)
Cypraea androyensis consanguinea
Androy Cowrie
Range: Southern Madagascar
Cypraea (Zonaria) angelicae (Clover 1974)
Cypraea angelicae
Angelica's Cowrie
Range: Senegal to Gabon, West Africa
Cypraea (Zonaria) angelicae f. petiformis (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea angelicae petiformis
Pear Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean and West Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) angioyorum (Biraghi 1978)
Cypraea angioyorum
Angioy's Cowrie
Range: Sri Lanka, Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Notocypraea) angustata (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea angustata
Plump Cowrie, Tight Cowrie
Range: South Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) angustata f. albata (Beddome 1878)
Cypraea angustata albata
Albino Angustata Cowrie
Cypraea (Notocypraea) angustata f. subcarnea (Beddome 1896)
Cypraea angustata subcarnea
Plump Cowrie, Tight Cowrie
Range: Tasmania
Cypraea (Zonaria) annettae annettae (Dall 1909)
Cypraea annettae
Annette's Cowrie
Range: Pacific Coast of Mexico
Cypraea (Zonaria) annettae aequinoctialis (Schilder 1933)
Cypraea annettae aequinoctialis
Equatorial Annette's Cowrie
Range: Panama to Ecuador
Cypraea (Erosaria) annulus annulus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea annulus
Gold-ring Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea annulus bunny
Bunny-eared Gold-ring Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) annulus sublitorea (Lorenz 1998)
Cypraea annulus sublitorea
Gold-ring Cowrie
Range: Western Samoa
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica arabica (Linne 1758)
Cypraea arabica
Arabian Cowrie
Range: Indonesia, Melanesia, Australia
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica asiatica (Schilder 1939)
Cypraea arabica asiatica
Asiatic Arabian Cowrie
Range: Asia, Japan
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica asiatica f. gibba (Coen 1949)
Cypraea arabica gibba
Arabian Cowrie
Range: China Sea, Thailand
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica grayana (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea arabica grayana
Arabian Cowrie
Range: Red Sea, Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica immanis (Schilder 1939)
Cypraea arabica immanis
Arabian Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Mauritia) arabica asiatica f. merguina (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea arabica merguina
Arabian Cowrie
Range: Mergui Archipelago, Burma
Cypraea (Zonaria) arabicula (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea arabicula
Little Arabian Cowrie
Range: Eastern Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) argus argus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea argus
Hundred-Eyed Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean to Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) argus contrastriata (Perry 1811)
Cypraea argus contrastriata
Hundred-Eyed Cowrie
Range: East Africa, Mauritius, Maldives
Cypraea (Lyncina) argus contrastriata f. rariocellata (Raybaudi)
Cypraea argus contrastriata rariocellata
Hundred-Eyed Cowrie
Range: Mozambique
Cypraea (Lyncina) argus argus f. ventricosa (Gray 1824)
Cypraea argus ventricosa
Hundred-Eyed Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean to Pacific
Cypraea (Umbilia) armeniaca (Verco 1912)
Cypraea armeniaca
Armenian Cowrie, Apricot-colored Cowrie
Range: Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Umbilia) armeniaca f. brunnea (Raybaudi 1993)
Cypraea armeniaca brunnea
Armenian Cowrie, Apricot-colored Cowrie
Range: Southeastern Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Umbilia) armeniaca f. westralica (Raybaudi 1980)
Cypraea armeniaca westralica
Armenian Cowrie, Apricot-colored Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) artuffeli (Jousseaume 1876)
Cypraea artuffeli
Artuffel's Cowrie
Range: Japan and Ryukyus
Cypraea (Palmadusta) asellus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea asellus
Little-Donkey Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Palmadusta) asellus f. bitaeniata (Linne 1758)
Cypraea asellus bitaeniata
Little-Donkey Cowrie
Range: Solomon Islands
Cypraea (Palmadusta) asellus f. latefasciata (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea asellus latefasciata
Little-Donkey Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) asellus f. vespacea (Melville 1905)
Cypraea asellus vespacea
Little-Donkey Cowrie
Range: Malaysia
Cypraea (Lyncina) aurantium (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea aurantium
Golden Cowrie
Range: Central and Western Pacific
Notable: For centuries, the gold cowrie Cypraea aurantium was a sign of rank and prestige among Fijian islanders. Tribal chiefs would adorn themselves with the rare and beautiful orange brown shell, known as buli kula, hung from their necks on a cord.
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) barbieri (Raybaudi 1986)
Cypraea barbieri
Barbier's Cowrie
Range: Tahiti
Cypraea (Erronea) barclayi (Reeve 1857)
Cypraea barclayi
Barclay's Cowrie
Range: South Africa, Mauritius, Chagos
Cypraea (Erosaria) beckii (Gaskoin 1836)
Cypraea beckii
Beck's Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific to Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erosaria) bernardi bernardi (Richard 1974)
Cypraea bernardi bernardi
Bernard's Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) bernardi kingae (Rehder & Wilson 1975)
Cypraea bernardi kingae
Bernard's Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Pustularia) bistrinotata bistrinotata (Schilder 1937)
Cypraea bistrinotata
Twice Triple-spotted Cowrie
Range: Southeast Asia
Cypraea (Pustularia) bistrinotata bistrinotata f. jandeprezi (Poppe & Martin 1996)
Cypraea bistrinotata jandeprezi
Twice Triple-spotted Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Pustularia) bistrinotata keelingensis (Schilder 1941)
Cypraea bistrinotata keelingensis
Twice Triple-spotted Cowrie
Range: Southeast Asia
Cypraea (Pustularia) bistrinotata mediocris (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea bistrinotata mediocris
Mediocre Bistrinotata Cowrie
Range: Melanesia, New Caledonia
Cypraea (Pustularia) bistrinotata sublaevis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea bistrinotata sublaevis
Almost Smooth Twice Triple-spotted Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) boivinii (Kiener 1843)
Cypraea boivinii
Boivin's Cowrie
Range: India, Indonesia to Japan
Cypraea (Erosaria) boivinii f. cuatoni (Kosuge 1983)
Cypraea boivinii cuatoni
Boivin's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Notadusta) boucheti (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea boucheti
Range: Japan to Melanesia
Notable: Formerly Cypraea musumea f. lacrimula
Cypraea (Erronea) bregeriana bregeriana (Crosse 1868)
Cypraea bregeriana
Breger's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) bregeriana pervelata (Raybaudi 1989)
Cypraea bregeriana pervelata
Breger's Cowrie
Range: Solomon Islands
Cypraea (Bistolida) brevidentata brevidentata (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea brevidentata
Short-Toothed Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Bistolida) brevidentata deceptor (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea brevidentata deceptor
Deceptive Short-Toothed Cowrie
Range: Torres Straight
Cypraea (Bistolida) brevidentata fluctuans (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea brevidentata fluctuans
Fluctuating Short-Toothed Cowrie
Range: Queensland, New Guinea
Cypraea (Lyncina) broderipii (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea broderipii
Broderip's Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Lyncina) broderipii f. somalica (Raybaudi 1981)
Cypraea broderipii somalica
Broderip's Cowrie
Range: Somalia
Cypraea (Lyncina) camelopardalis (Perry 1811)
Cypraea camelopardalis
Giraffe Cowrie
Range: Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) capensis (Gray 1828)
Cypraea capensis
Cape of Good Hope Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Natal, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) capensis f. elizabethensis (Rous 1905)
Cypraea capensis elizabethensis
Cape of Good Hope Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Natal, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) capensis gonubiensis (Massier 1994)
Cypraea capensis gonubiensis
Cape of Good Hope Cowrie
Range: Jeffrey's Bay to Natal, South Africa
Cypraea (Umbilia) capricornica (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea capricornica
Capricorn Islands Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputdraconis (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea caputdraconis
Dragon's-head Cowrie
Range: Easter Island, Sala y. Gomez
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputdraconis f. poppei (Martin 1989)
Cypraea caputdraconis poppei
Dragon's-head Cowrie
Range: Sala y. Gomez
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis caputserpentis (Linne 1758)
Cypraea caputserpentis
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis caputserpentis f. argentata (Dautzenberg & Bouge 1933)
Cypraea caputserpentis argentata
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis caputserpentis f. caputanguis (Philippi 1849)
Cypraea caputserpentis caputanguis
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis caputophidii (Schilder 1927)
Cypraea caputserpentis caputophidii
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: Marquesas to Hawaii
Cypraea (Erosaria) caputserpentis caputserpentis f. kenyonae (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea caputserpentis kenyonae
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: South Africa, Southwestern Australia
Cypraea caputserpentis reticulatum
Serpent's-head Cowrie
Range: Indonesia
Cypraea (Lyncina) carneola (Linne 1758)
Cypraea carneola
Carnelian Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean, Southeast Asia
Cypraea (Lyncina) carneola f. crassa (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea carneola crassa
Carnelian Cowrie
Range: Red Sea, Oman, Somalia
Cypraea (Lyncina) carneola f. propinqua (Garrett 1879)
Cypraea carneola propinqua
Carnelian Cowrie
Range: Hawaii, Polynesia, Melanesia, Australia
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) castanea castanea (Higgins 1868)
Cypraea castanea
Chestnut-Colored Cowrie, Cypraea verhoefi
Range: East London to False Bay, South Africa
Cypraea castanea latebrosa
Chestnut-Colored Cowrie
Range: False Bay area, South Africa
Cypraea (Cribrarula) catholicorum (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea catholicorum
Catholic Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica caurica (Linne 1758)
Cypraea caurica
Caurica Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica blaesa (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea caurica blaesa
Lisping Caurica Cowrie
Range: West Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica dracaena (Born 1778)
Cypraea caurica dracaena
Dragon Caurica Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean, India to Thailand
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica dracaena f. corrosa (Gronovius 1781)
Cypraea caurica dracaena corrosa
Dragon Caurica Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean, India to Thailand
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica elongata (Perry 1811)
Cypraea caurica elongata
Elongate Caurica Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Mauritius
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica caurica f. longior (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea caurica longior
Caurica Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica nabeqensis (Heiman 2000)
Cypraea caurica nabeqensis
Caurica Cowrie
Range: Red Sea
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica quinquefasciata (Roding 1798)
Cypraea caurica quinquefasciata
Five-Banded Caurica Cowrie
Range: Red Sea, Northwestern Indian Ocean, Mediterranean
Cypraea (Erronea) caurica samoensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea caurica samoensis
Caurica Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) cernica cernica (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea cernica
Cernica Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) cernica leforti (Senders & Martin 1987)
Cypraea cernica leforti
Lefort's Cowrie
Range: Easter Island
Cypraea (Erosaria) cernica viridicolor (Cate 1962)
Cypraea cernica viridicolor
Cernica Cowrie
Range: Arafura Sea to West Australia
Cypraea (Macrocypraea) cervinetta (Kiener 1843)
Cypraea cervinetta
Panamanian Deer Cowrie, Little Deer Cowrie
Range: Eastern Pacific
Cypraea (Macrocypraea) cervus (Linne 1771)
Cypraea cervus
Atlantic Deer Cowrie
Range: Florida, Bahamas, eastern Mexico
Cypraea cervus peilei
Atlantic Deer Cowrie
Range: Florida, Bahamas, eastern Mexico
Cypraea (Pustularia) chiapponii (Lorenz 1999)
Cypraea chiapponii
Chiapponi's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Ipsa) childreni (Gray 1825)
Cypraea childreni
Children's Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific except East Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis chinensis (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea chinensis
Chinese Cowrie
Range: Andaman Sea to Japan
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis amiges (Melvill & Standen 1904)
Cypraea chinensis amiges
Clear Chinese Cowrie
Range: Central Pacific to Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis somaliana (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea chinensis somaliana
Somalian Chinese Cowrie
Range: Eastern Somalia, Sri Lanka
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis variolaria (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea chinensis variolaria
Measled Chinese Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis violacea (Rous 1905)
Cypraea chinensis violacea
Violet Chinese Cowrie
Range: East Africa, Natal
Cypraea (Erronea) chinensis violacea f. tortirostris (Sowerby 1906)
Cypraea chinensis violacea tortirostris
Chinese Cowrie
Range: Southeast Africa
Cypraea (Pustularia) cicercula (Linne 1758)
Cypraea cicercula
Chick-pea Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Pustularia) cicercula f. lienardi (Jousseaume 1874)
Cypraea cicercula lienardi
Lienard's Chick-pea Cowrie
Range: ISouthwestern Pacific
Cypraea (Luria) cinerea cinerea (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea cinerea
Atlantic Gray Cowrie, Ashen Cowrie
Range: Western Atlantic
Cypraea (Luria) cinerea brasilensis (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea cinerea brasilensis
Atlantic Gray Cowrie, Ashen Cowrie
Range: Western Atlantic
Cypraea (Erosaria) citrina citrina (Gray 1825)
Cypraea citrina
Citrine Cowrie
Range: South Africa
Cypraea (Erosaria) citrina dauphinensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea citrina dauphinensis
Citrine Cowrie
Range: South Africa
Cypraea (Palmadusta) clandestina clandestina (Linne 1767)
Cypraea clandestina
Clandestine Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean to Pacific
Cypraea (Palmadusta) clandestina candida (Pease 1865)
Cypraea clandestina candida
White Clandestine Cowrie
Cypraea (Palmadusta) clandestina clandestina f. moniliaris (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea clandestina moniliaris
Clandestine Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) clandestina passerina (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea clandestina passerina
Little Sparrow Cowrie
Range: East Africa, Natal
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) cohenae (Burgess 1965)
Cypraea cohenae
Cohen's Cowrie
Range: Jeffreysbay area, South Africa
Notable: It is argued that Cypraea cohenae is not a true species at all, but rather a hybrid between Cypraea edentula or Cypraea mikeharti and Cypraea fuscodentata.
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) colligata (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea colligata
Range: Jeffreysbay area, South Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) coloba (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea coloba
Stunted Cowrie
Range: Maldives to Andaman Islands
Cypraea (Erronea) coloba f. greegori (Ford 1893)
Cypraea coloba greegori
Stunted Cowrie
Range: Andaman Islands
Cypraea (Notocypraea) comptonii comptonii (Gray 1847)
Cypraea comptonii
Compton's Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) comptonii mayi (Beddome 1898)
Cypraea comptonii mayi
May's Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) comptonii mayi f. casta (Schilder 1963)
Cypraea comptonii mayi casta
Chaste Compton's Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) comptonii mayi f. wilkinsi (Griffiths 1959)
Cypraea comptonii mayi wilkinsi
Compton's Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) comptonii comptonii f. trenberthae (Trenberth 1961)
Cypraea comptonii trenberthae
Compton's Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) connelli connelli (Liltved 1983)
Cypraea connelli
Connell's Cowrie
Range: Transkei to Natal, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) connelli peelae (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea connelli peelae
Connell's Cowrie
Range: Transkei to Natal, South Africa
Cypraea (Palmadusta) contaminata contaminata (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea contaminata
Contaminated Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Palmadusta) contaminata distans (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea contaminata distans
Contaminated Cowrie
Range: Southeast Africa
Cypraea contaminata melaysiae
Contaminated Cowrie
Cypraea (Luria) controversa (Gray 1824)
Cypraea controversa
Controversial Cowrie
Range: Hawaii, Midway, Polynesia, Easter Island
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea isabella
Cypraea (Luria) controversa f. atriceps (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea controversa atriceps
Controversial Cowrie
Range: Polynesia and Hawaii
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea isabella
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) coronata coronata (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea coronata
Crowned Cowrie
Range: Western Cape to False Bay, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) coronata debruini (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea coronata debruini
Debruin's Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) coronata gabriellii (Lorenz 1993)
Cypraea coronata gabriellii
Gabrielli's Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) coronata coronata f. gloriosa (Shikama 1971)
Cypraea coronata gloriosa
Crowned Cowrie
Range: False Bay to Hermanus, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) coronata coronata f. immaculata (Raybaudi 1986)
Cypraea coronata immaculata
Crowned Cowrie
Range: Atlantic, South Africa
Cypraea (Blasicrura) coxeni coxeni (Cox 1873)
Cypraea coxeni
Coxen's Cowrie
Range: Solomon Islands
Cypraea (Blasicrura) coxeni hesperina (Schilder 1963)
Cypraea coxeni hesperina
Western Coxen's Cowrie
Range: New Guinea, New Britain, Northern Solomons
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria cribraria (Linne 1758)
Cypraea cribraria
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean to Pacific
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria abaliena (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea cribraria abaliena
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Zanzibar
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria austrialiensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea cribraria australiensis
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria comma (Perry 1811)
Cypraea cribraria comma
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria ganteri (Lorenz 1998)
Cypraea cribraria ganteri
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Sri Lanka
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria gaspardi (Biraghi & Nicolay 1993)
Cypraea cribraria gaspardi
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Kwajalein, Micronesian atolls
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria melwardi (Perry 1811)
Cypraea cribraria melwardi
Ward's Cowrie
Range: Queensland
Cypraea (Zonaria) cribraria orientalis (Schilder 1940)
Cypraea cribraria orientalis
Oriental Sieve Cowrie
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cribraria zadela (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea cribraria zadela
Sieve Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Melanesia to Japan
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) cruickshanki (Kilburn 1972)
Cypraea cruickshanki
Cruikshank's Cowrie
Range: Durban, South Africa
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cumingii cumingii (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea cumingii
Cuming's Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cumingii astaryi (Schilder 1971)
Cypraea cumingii astaryi
Astary's Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Polynesia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cumingii astaryi f. lefaiti (Martin & Poppe 1989)
Cypraea cumingii astaryi lefaiti
Astary's Cowrie
Range: Marquesas
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cumingii cumingii f. cleopatra (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea cumingii cleopatra
Cuming's Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) cumingii compta (Pease 1860)
Cypraea cumingii compta
Cuming's Cowrie
Range: Tuamotus
Cypraea (Erronea) cylindrica cylindrica (Born 1778)
Cypraea cylindrica
Cylindrical Cowrie
Range: Malaysia to Japan
Cypraea (Erronea) cylindrica lenella (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea cylindrica lenella
Cylindrical Cowrie
Range: Queensland, New Caledonia
Cypraea cylindrica melanica
Melanistic Cylindrical Cowrie
Range: Malaysia to Japan
Cypraea (Erronea) cylindrica sowerbyana (Schilder 1932)
Cypraea cylindrica sowerbyana
Sowerby's Cylindrical Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Australia, Melanesia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) dayritiana (Cate 1963)
Cypraea dayritiana
Dayrit's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Zoila) decipiens decipiens (Smith 1880)
Cypraea decipiens
Deceptive Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) decipiens suprasinum (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea decipiens suprasinum
Deceptive Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) declivis (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea declivis
Sloping Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) deforgesi (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea deforgesi
Cypraea (Mauritia) depressa (Gray 1824)
Cypraea depressa
Depressed Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Mauritia) depressa f. dispersa (Schilder 1939)
Cypraea depressa dispersa
Depressed Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Bistolida) diauges (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea diauges
Translucent Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erosaria) dillwyni (Schilder 1922)
Cypraea dillwyni
Dillwyn's Cowrie
Range: Central Pacific
Cypraea (Palmadusta) diluculum diluculum (Reeve 1845)
Cypraea diluculum
Daybreak Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Palmadusta) diluculum diluculum f. magnifica (Coen 1949)
Cypraea diluculum magnifica
Daybreak Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Palmadusta) diluculum virginalis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea diluculum virginalis
Unblemished Daybreak Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erosaria) eburnea (Barnes 1824)
Cypraea eburnea
Pure White Cowrie
Range: East Australia to Fiji
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) edentula edentula (Gray 1825)
Cypraea edentula
Toothless Cape Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis to Ciskei Coast, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) edentula edentula f. astonensis (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea edentula astonensis
Toothless Cape Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis to Ciskei Coast, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) edentula nahoonensis (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea edentula nahoonensis
Toothless Cape Cowrie
Range: Ciskei Coast to Northern Transkei, South Africa
Cypraea (Mauritia) eglantina (Duclos 1833)
Cypraea eglantina
Dog-Rose Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea eglantina griseoformis
Dog-Rose Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea eglantina niger
Dog-Rose Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Mauritia) eglantina f. perconfusa (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea eglantina perconfusa
Dog-Rose Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Zoila) eludens (Raybaudi 1991)
Cypraea eludens
Notable: Sometimes considered a subspecies of Cypraea perlae
Cypraea (Zoila) eludens f. delicatura (Chandler & DuRoss 1997)
Cypraea eludens delicatura
Cypraea (Erosaria) englerti (Summers & Burgess 1965)
Cypraea englerti
Father Englert's Cowrie
Range: Easter Island, Sala y Gomez
Cypraea (Erosaria) erosa erosa (Linne 1758)
Cypraea erosa
Gnawed Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erosaria) erosa chlorizans (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea erosa chlorizans
Gnawed Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Melanesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) erosa chlorizans f. lactescens (Dautzenberg & Bouge 1933)
Cypraea erosa chlorizans lactescens
Gnawed Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) erosa chlorizans f. purissima (Vredenberg 1919)
Cypraea erosa chlorizans purissima
Gnawed Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) erosa erosa f. similis (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea erosa similis
Gnawed Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) errones (Linne 1758)
Cypraea errones
Mistaken Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) errones f. azurea (Schilder 1968)
Cypraea errones azurea
Blue Mistaken Cowrie
Range: Broome, Western Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) errones f. bimaculata (Gray 1824)
Cypraea errones bimaculata
Mistaken Cowrie
Range: India to Andaman Sea
Cypraea (Erronea) errones f. caerulescens (Schroter 1804)
Cypraea errones caerulescens
Mistaken Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) errones f. coxi (Brazier 1872)
Cypraea errones coxi
Mistaken Cowrie
Range: Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) errones f. nimiserrans (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea errones nimiserrans
Mistaken Cowrie
Range: Indo Pacific
Cypraea (Bistolida) erythraeensis (Sowerby 1837)
Cypraea erythraeensis
Eritrean Cowrie
Range: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Zanzibar
Cypraea (Cribrarula) esontropia esontropia (Duclos 1833)
Cypraea esontropia
Keeled Cowrie
Range: Mascarenes
Cypraea (Cribrarula) esontropia cribellum (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea esontropia cribellum
Fine-Sieve Esontropia Cowrie
Range: Mascarenes to Eastern Madagascar
Cypraea (Cribrarula) esontropia francescoi (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea esontropia francescoi
Fine-Sieve Esontropia Cowrie
Range: Madagascar
Cypraea (Cribrarula) exmouthensis exmouthensis (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea exmouthensis
Exmouth Gulf Sieve Cowrie
Range: Exmouth Bay to Shark Bay, Australia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) exmouthensis abrolhensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea exmouthensis abrolhensis
Exmouth Gulf Sieve Cowrie
Range: Abrolhos Islands and Kalbarri, Australia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) exmouthensis magnifica (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea exmouthensis magnifica
Exmouth Gulf Sieve Cowrie
Range: Near Broome, Australia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) exmouthensis rottnestensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea exmouthensis rottnestensis
Exmouth Gulf Sieve Cowrie
Range: Southern extent of Exmouth Bay to Shark Bay, Australia
Cypraea (Talparia) exusta (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea exusta
Exusta Cowrie
Range: Red Sea, Aden, Somalia
Cypraea (Cribrarula) fallax (Smith 1881)
Cypraea fallax
Fallacious Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) felina felina (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea felina
Cat Cowrie
Range: East and South Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) felina fabula (Kiener 1843)
Cypraea felina fabula
Cat Cowrie
Range: Persian Gulf, Oman, Somalia
Cypraea (Erronea) felina felina f. pallidaeformis (Biraghi 1987)
Cypraea felina pallidaeformis
Cat Cowrie
Range: East and South Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) fernandoi (Cate 1969)
Cypraea fernandoi
Fernando's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) fimbriata fimbriata (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea fimbriata
Fringed Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) fimbriata durbanensis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea fimbriata durbanensis
South African Fringed Cowrie
Range: East and South Africa
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) fimbriata marquesana (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea fimbriata marquesana
Marquesan Fringed Cowrie
Range: Marquesas
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) fimbriata quasigracilis (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea fimbriata quasigracilis
Fringed Cowrie
Range: Zanzibar and Pemba Islands
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) fimbriata unifasciata (Mighels 1845)
Cypraea fimbriata unifasciata
One-Banded Fringed Cowrie
Range: Polynesia to Hawaii
Cypraea (Zoila) friendii friendii (Gray 1831)
Cypraea friendii
Friend's Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) friendii friendii f. insulata (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea friendii insulata
Friend's Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) friendii vercoi (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea friendii vercoi
Friend's Cowrie
Range: Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Zoila) friendii vercoi f. candida (Raybaudi 1996)
Cypraea friendii vercoi candida
Range: Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Zoila) friendii vercoi f. contraria (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea friendii vercoi contraria
Friend's Cowrie
Range: Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Barycypraea) fultoni fultoni (Sowerby)
Cypraea fultoni
Fulton's Cowrie
Range: South Africa
Notable: Fulton's cowrie, which is characterized by a glossy shell showing a distinct, intriguing and high variable pattern, was until 1987 considered extraordinarily rare and known only from a small number of specimens recovered from the stomachs of deep-ocean-dwelling fishes (ex pisce). Since then Russian trawlers, working the coasts of Mozambique and South Africa, recovered Cypraea fultoni in their deep water catch, and some specimens have been taken by divers in relatively shallow waters along South Africa. Although recent finds of several populations of Cypraea fultoni mean its rarity is not as lofty as before, it is still considered a prize find and important collectors piece. The Cypraea fultoni amorimi subspecies is known primarily from Mozambique, while its massieri form is distinguished by a more inflated shape and typified by a less glossy, often granular dorsal surface.
Cypraea (Barycypraea) fultoni amorimi (Raybaudi 1990)
Cypraea fultoni amorimi
Fulton's Cowrie
Range: Mozambique
Cypraea (Barycypraea) fultoni amorimi f. massieri (Lorenz 1991)
Cypraea fultoni amorimi massieri
Fulton's Cowrie
Range: Mozambique
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) fuscodentata fuscodentata (Gray 1825)
Cypraea fuscodentata
Dark-toothed Cowrie
Range: Cape Agulhas to Jeffreysbay, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) fuscodentata grohorum (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea fuscodentata grohorum
Dark-toothed Cowrie
Range: Port Elizabeth to Cape Agulhas, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) fuscodentata sphaerica (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea fuscodentata sphaerica
Dark-toothed Cowrie
Range: Cape St. Francis area, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) fuscorubra fuscorubra (Shaw 1909)
Cypraea fuscorubra
Reddish Brown Cowrie
Range: Table Bay to Cape Agulhas, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) fuscorubra gonwanalandensis (Burgess 1970)
Cypraea fuscorubra gonwanalandensis
Reddish Brown Cowrie
Range: Eastern portion of Table Bay to Cape Agulhas, South Africa
Cypraea (Erosaria) gangranosa gangranosa (Dillwyn 1817)
Cypraea gangranosa
Gangrenous Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) gangranosa reentsii (Dunker 1852)
Cypraea gangranosa reentsii
Reents' Cowrie
Range: Somalia, Red Sea to Maldives
Cypraea (Cribrarula) garciai (Lorenz & Raines 2001)
Cypraea garciai
Range: Easter Island
Cypraea (Cribrarula) gaskoinii (Reeve 1846)
Cypraea gaskoinii
Gaskoin's Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) geographica geographica (Schilder 1933)
Cypraea geographica
Map Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) geographica rewa (Steadman & Cotton 1943)
Cypraea geographica rewa
Map Cowrie
Range: Fiji, Samoa and Tonga
Cypraea (Luria) gilvella (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea gilvella
Dirty-Yellow Cowrie
Range: Central Pacific
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea isabella
Cypraea (Pustularia) globulus globulus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea globulus
Globular Cowrie
Range: Maldives to Pacific
Cypraea (Pustularia) globulus brevirostris (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea globulus brevirostris
Short-Beaked Globular Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Mascarenes
Cypraea (Pustularia) globulus sphaeridium (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea globulus sphaeridium
Globular Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) goodalli goodalli (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea goodallii
Goodall's Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) goodalli fuscomaculata (Pease 1865)
Cypraea goodallii fuscomaculata
Dark-Blotched Goodall's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia to Western Central Pacific
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis gracilis (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea gracilis
Graceful Cowrie
Range: Central Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis gracilis f. japonica (Schilder 1931)
Cypraea gracilis japonica
Graceful Cowrie
Range: Japan
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis macula (Angas 1867)
Cypraea gracilis macula
Blotched Graceful Cowrie
Range: Eastern Australia
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis macula f. hilda (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea gracilis macula hilda
Blotched Graceful Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis notata (Gill 1858)
Cypraea gracilis notata
Marked Graceful Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) gracilis notata f. jamila (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea gracilis notata jamila
Marked Graceful Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Staphylaea) granulata granulata (Pease 1862)
Cypraea granulata
Granulated Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Staphylaea) granulata cassiaui (Burgess 1965)
Cypraea granulata cassiaui
Cassiau's Cowrie
Range: Marquesas
Cypraea (Erosaria) guttata guttata (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea guttata
Great Spotted Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Melanesia and Queensland
Cypraea (Erosaria) guttata guttata f. azumai (Schilder 1960)
Cypraea guttata azumai
Great Spotted Cowrie
Range: Japan, China Sea
Cypraea (Erosaria) guttata surinensis (Raybaudi 1978)
Cypraea guttata surinensis
Great Spotted Cowrie
Range: Thailand to Maldives
Cypraea guttata surinensis bengalensis
Great Spotted Cowrie
Range: Bay of Bengal
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) hammondae hammondae (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea hammondae
Hammond's Cowrie
Range: East Australia
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) hammondae dampierensis (Schilder & Cernohorsky 1965)
Cypraea hammondae dampierensis
Hammond's Cowrie
Range: Western Australia to Arafua Sea
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) hammondae raysummersi (Schilder 1960)
Cypraea hammondae raysummersi
Summer's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Notocypraea) hartsmithi (Schilder 1967)
Cypraea hartsmithi
Hart-Smith's Cowrie
Range: Bass Strait to Sydney, NSW, Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola helvola (Linne 1758)
Cypraea helvola
Honey Cowrie
Range: Maldives, Indonesia to Central Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola argella (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea helvola argella
Small Silvery Honey Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Durban
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola callista (Shaw 1909)
Cypraea helvola callista
Astral Honey Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola helvola f. citrinicolor (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea helvola citrinicolor
Honey Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola hawaiiensis (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea helvola hawaiiensis
Honey Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Erosaria) helvola meridionalis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea helvola meridionalis
Southern Honey Cowrie
Range: South to East Africa
Cypraea (Umbilia) hesitata hesitata (Iredale 1916)
Cypraea hesitata
Undecided Cowrie, Hesitant Cowrie
Range: Bass Strait, NSW, Australia
Cypraea (Umbilia) hesitata beddomei (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea hesitata beddomei
Beddome's Cowrie
Range: Newcastle to Moreton Bay, Australia
Cypraea (Umbilia) hesitata hesitata f. howelli (Iredale 1931)
Cypraea hesitata howelli
Albino Undecided Cowrie
Range: Bass Strait, NSW, Australia
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) hirasei (Roberts 1913)
Cypraea hirasei
Hirase's Cowrie
Range: Japan to Philippines, Queensland
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) hirasei f. queenslandica (Schilder 1966)
Cypraea hirasei queenslandica
Hirase's Cowrie
Range: Southeastern portion of range
Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo hirundo (Linne 1758)
Cypraea hirundo
Swallow Cowrie
Range: Aden to Andaman Sea
Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo francisca (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea hirundo francisca
Francisca's Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Seychelles
Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo neglecta (Sowerby 1837)
Cypraea hirundo neglecta
Neglected Hirundo Cowrie
Range: Philippines, Malaysia
Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo rouxi (Ancey 1882)
Cypraea hirundo rouxi
Roux's Cowrie
Range: Australia and Melanesia
Cypraea (Bistolida) hirundo rouxi f. korolevu (Steadman & Cotton 1943)
Cypraea hirundo rouxi korolevu
Roux's Cowrie
Range: Western Polynesia
Cypraea (Mauritia) histrio (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea histrio
Minstrel Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Mauritia) histrio f. westralis (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea histrio westralis
Minstrel Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) humphreysii (Gray 1825)
Cypraea humphreysi
Humphrey's Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific
Cypraea (Erronea) hungerfordi hungerfordi (Sowerby 1888)
Cypraea hungerfordi
Hungerford's Cowrie
Range: Japan, China Sea, Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) hungerfordi bealsi (Mock 1996)
Cypraea hungerfordi bealsi
Hungerford's Cowrie
Range: Philippines and Indonesia
Cypraea (Erronea) hungerfordi coucomi (Schilder 1964)
Cypraea hungerfordi coucomi
Coucom's Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) immelmani (Liltved 2001)
Cypraea immelmani
Range: Southern Transkei, South Africa
Cypraea (Blasicrura) interrupta (Gray 1824)
Cypraea interrupta
Interrupted Cowrie
Range: Sri Lanka to Philippines, Japan
Cypraea (Naria) irrorata (Gray 1828)
Cypraea irrorata
Dew-drop Cowrie
Range: Central Pacific
Cypraea (Luria) isabella (Linne 1758)
Cypraea isabella
Dirty-Yellow Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Luria) isabella f. rumphii (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea isabella rumphii
Dirty-Yellow Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Luria) isabellamexicana (Stearns 1893)
Cypraea isabellamexicana
Mexican Isabella Cowrie
Range: Pacific Central America
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) iutsui iutsui (Shikama 1974)
Cypraea iutsui
Iu-tsu's Cowrie
Range: Namaqualand to Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) iutsui atlantica (Raybaudi 1988)
Cypraea iutsui atlantica
Iu-tsu's Cowrie
Range: West Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) iutsui levissima (Raybaudi 1995)
Cypraea iutsui levissima
Iu-tsu's Cowrie
Range: South Namibia
Cypraea iutsui peelae
Iu-tsu's Cowrie
Range: Namaqualand to Port Elizabeth, South Africa
Cypraea (Zoila) jeaniana jeaniana (Cate 1968)
Cypraea jeaniana
Jean's Cowrie
Range: West Australia, Shark Bay to Montebello Island
Cypraea (Zoila) jeaniana aurata (Raybaudi 1979)
Cypraea jeaniana aurata
Golden Jeaniana Cowrie
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea jeaniana aurata albinea
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea jeaniana melanica
Range: West Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) jeaniana jeaniana f. sherylae (Raybaudi 1990)
Cypraea jeaniana sherylae
Sheryl's Cowrie
Range: West Australia, Shark Bay
Cypraea (Zoila) jeaniana thalamega (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea jeaniana thalamega
Jean's Cowrie
Range: West Australia, Shark Bay to Montebello Island
Cypraea (Palmadusta) johnsonorum (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea johnsonorum
Humphrey's Cowrie
Range: Kwajalein Atoll
Notable: Formerly considered a form of Cypraea humphreysii: "coccinella"
Cypraea (Lyncina) joycae (Clover 1970)
Cypraea joycae
Joyce's Cowrie
Range: Taiwan
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea porteri.
Cypraea (Notadusta) katsuae katsuae (Kuroda 1960)
Cypraea katsuae
Katsu's Cowrie
Range: Japan, Philippines
Cypraea (Notadusta) katsuae guidoi (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea katsuae guidoi
Katsu's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia to Western Polynesia
Cypraea (Zoila) ketyana ketyana (Raybaudi 1978)
Cypraea ketyana
Kety's Cowrie
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) ketyana bataviensis (Lorenz & Morrison 2001)
Cypraea ketyana bataviensis
Kety's Cowrie
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) ketyana ketyana f. hypermarginata (Raybaudi et. al. 1993)
Cypraea ketyana hypermarginata
Kety's Cowrie
Range: Bernier Island area, Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) ketyana ketyana f. lutea (Raybaudi 1993)
Cypraea ketyana lutea
Kety's Cowrie
Range: Dirk Hartog Island area, Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) ketyana ketyana f. superba (Lorenz 2001)
Cypraea ketyana superba
Kety's Cowrie
Range: Gnaraloo area, Northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Bistolida) kieneri kieneri (Hidalgo 1906)
Cypraea kieneri
Kiener's Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Bistolida) kieneri depriesteri (Schilder 1933)
Cypraea kieneri depriesteri
de Priester's Cowrie
Range: Pacific to Andaman Sea
Cypraea (Lyncina) kuroharai (Kuroda & Habe 1961)
Cypraea kuroharai
Kurohara's Cowrie
Range: China Sea
Cypraea (Erosaria) labrolineata (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea labrolineata
Lined-lip Cowrie
Syn: flaveola (Linne 1758)
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) labrolineata f. helenae (Roberts 1869)
Cypraea labrolineata helenae
Lined-lip Cowrie
Syn: flaveola (Linne 1758)
Range: New Guinea
Cypraea (Erosaria) labrolineata f. nashi (Iredale 1931)
Cypraea labrolineata nashi
Lined-lip Cowrie
Range: East Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) lamarckii lamarckii (Gray 1825)
Cypraea lamarckii
Lamarck's Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erosaria) lamarckii lamarckii f. fainzilberi (Lorenz & Huber 1993)
Cypraea lamarckii fainzilberi
Lamarck's Cowrie
Range: Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania
Cypraea (Erosaria) lamarckii redimita (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea lamarckii redimita
Lamarck's Cowrie
Syn: hypercallosa
Range: Indian Ocean
Cypraea lamarckii redimita phuketensis
Phuket Lamarck's Cowrie
Syn: hypercallosa
Range: Thailand
Cypraea (Erosaria) lamarckii lamarckii f. sharoni (Walls 1980)
Cypraea lamarckii sharoni
Lamarck's Cowrie
Range: Indo-West Pacific
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) langfordi langfordi (Kuroda 1938)
Cypraea langfordi
Langford's Cowrie
Range: Japan, Philippines
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) langfordi cavatoensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea langfordi cavatoensis
Range: New Caledonia, Vanautu and Tonga
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) langfordi moretonensis (Schilder 1965)
Cypraea langfordi moretonensis
Cape Moreton Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia, New Caledonia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) latior (Melvill 188)
Cypraea latior
Broad Teres Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Palmadusta) lentiginosa lentiginosa (Gray 1825)
Cypraea lentiginosa
Freckled Cowrie
Range: India to Andaman Sea
Cypraea (Palmadusta) lentiginosa lentiginosa f. buhariensis (Jonklas & Nicolay 1977)
Cypraea lentiginosa buhariensis
Freckled Cowrie
Range: Pakistan
Cypraea (Palmadusta) lentiginosa dancalica (Jonklas & Nicolay 1977)
Cypraea lentiginosa dancalica
Danakil Coast Freckled Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Persian Gulf
Cypraea (Lyncina) leucodon leucodon (Broderip 1828)
Cypraea leucodon
White-toothed Cowrie
Range: Philippines to New Guinea
Cypraea (Lyncina) leucodon tenuidon (Lorenz 1999)
Cypraea leucodon tenuidon
White-toothed Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Indian Ocean to Indonesia
Cypraea (Lyncina) leviathan leviathan (Schilder 1937)
Cypraea leviathan
Monster Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Lyncina) leviathan titan (Schilder 1962)
Cypraea leviathan titan
Titanic Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Central Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) leviathan titan f. bouteti (Burgess & Arnette 1981)
Cypraea leviathan titan bouteti
Boutet's Leviathan Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) limacina limacina (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea limacina
Slug-Like Cowrie
Range: Eastern Indian Ocean to Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) limacina clarissa (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea limacina clarissa
Clarissa's Cowrie
Range: South to East Africa
Cypraea (Staphylaea) limacina facifer (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea limacina facifer
Handsome Limacina Cowrie
Range: Australia, Southern Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) limacina interstincta (Wood 1828)
Cypraea limacina interstincta
Patched Limacina Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Mascarenes
Cypraea limacina purpurea
Limacina Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Mascarenes
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) lisetae (Kilburn 1975)
Cypraea lisetae
Lisete's Cowrie
Range: Southeast Africa, Taiwan to Philippines, Melanesia
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) lisetae f. maricola (Cate 1976)
Cypraea lisetae maricola
Lisete's Cowrie
Range: Philippines, Western Pacific
Cypraea (Erronea) listeri (Gray 1824)
Cypraea listeri
Lister's Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean, Western Pacific
Cypraea (Erronea) listeri f. melvilli (Hidalgo 1906)
Cypraea listeri melvilli
Lister's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) listeri f. pauciguttata (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea listeri pauciguttata
Lister's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) luchuana (Kuroda 1960)
Cypraea luchuana
Ryu-Kyu Islands Cowrie
Range: Ryukyu islands
Cypraea (Luria) lurida lurida (Linne 1758)
Cypraea lurida
Lurid Cowrie, Fallow Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean
Cypraea (Luria) lurida oceanica (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea lurida oceanica
Lurid Cowrie, Fallow Cowrie
Range: Ascension and St. Helena Islands
Cypraea (Luria) lurida pulchroides (Alvarado & Alvarez 1964)
Cypraea lurida pulchroides
Lurid Cowrie, Fallow Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Luria) lurida pulchroides f. minima (Dunker 1853)
Cypraea lurida pulchroides minima
Lurid Cowrie, Fallow Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean
Cypraea (Palmadusta) lutea (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea lutea
Yellow Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific
Cypraea (Palmadusta) lutea f. bizonata (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea lutea bizonata
Yellow Cowrie
Range: Western Australia and Arafura Sea
Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx (Linne 1758)
Cypraea lynx
Lynx Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx f. vanelli (Linne 1758)
Cypraea lynx vanelli
Lynx Cowrie
Cypraea (Lyncina) lynx f. williamsi (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea lynx williamsi
Lynx Cowrie
Range: Northeast Africa, Red Sea
Cypraea (Erosaria) macandrewi (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea macandrewi
MacAndrew's Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Oman
Cypraea (Mauritia) maculifera maculifera (Schilder 1932)
Cypraea maculifera
Reticulated Cowrie, Blotched Cowrie
Range: Hawaii, Micronesia, Fiji and Tonga
Cypraea (Mauritia) maculifera martybealsi (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea maculifera martybealsi
Reticulated Cowrie, Blotched Cowrie
Range: Marquesas Islands
Cypraea (Mauritia) maculifera scindata (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea maculifera scindata
Reticulated Cowrie, Blotched Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa mappa (Linne 1758)
Cypraea mappa
Map Cowrie
Range: Philippines, Indonesia and China Sea
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa admirabilis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea mappa admirabilis
Map Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa aliwalensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea mappa aliwalensis
Map Cowrie
Range: South Africa
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa mappa f. panerythra (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea mappa panerythra
Map Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Notable: A form of Cypraea mappa mappa characterized by a red cast.
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa rosea (Gray 1824)
Cypraea mappa rosea
Map Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa viridis (Kenyon 1902)
Cypraea mappa viridis
Map Cowrie
Range: New Caledonia to Polynesia
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa viridis f. eluceta (Lorenz & Hubert 2000)
Cypraea mappa viridis eluceta
Map Cowrie
Range: Kwajalein
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) mappa viridis f. montrouzieri (Dautzenberg 1903)
Cypraea mappa viridis montrouzieri
Map Cowrie
Range: New Caledonia
Cypraea (Pustularia) margarita (Dillwyn 1817)
Cypraea margarita
Pearl Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Pustularia) margarita f. africana (Lorenz & Hubert 1993)
Cypraea margarita africana
Pearl Cowrie
Range: Southeast Africa
Cypraea (Pustularia) margarita f. tuamotensis (Lorenz & Hubert 1993)
Cypraea margarita tuamotensis
Pearl Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) marginalis marginalis (Dillwyn 1827)
Cypraea marginalis
Margin Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Natal
Cypraea (Erosaria) marginalis melocellata (Lorenz & Wiese 1990)
Cypraea marginalis melocellata
Margin Cowrie
Range: East Africa to South Africa and Somalia
Cypraea (Erosaria) marginalis marginalis f. pseudocellata (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea marginalis pseudocellata
Margin Cowrie
Range: Northern Somalia to Oman
Cypraea (Zoila) marginata marginata (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea marginata
Broad-margined Cowrie
Range: Western and southern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) marginata albayensis (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea marginata albayensis
Broad-margined Cowrie
Range: Western Australia, Albany to Esperance
Cypraea (Zoila) marginata albayensis f. nimbosa (Raybaudi 1994)
Cypraea marginata albayensis nimbosa
Broad-margined Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) marginata marginata f. consueta (Biraghi 1993)
Cypraea marginata consueta
Broad-margined Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Annepona) mariae (Schilder 1927)
Cypraea mariae
Marie's Cowrie
Range: Pacific, Maldives, Tanzania, Mauritius
Cypraea (Annepona) mariae f. suluensis (Lorenz & Hubert 1993)
Cypraea mariae suluensis
Marie's Cowrie
Range: West Pacific
Cypraea (Zoila) mariellae (Raybaudi 1991)
Cypraea mariellae
Mariella's Cowrie
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Notadusta) martini (Schepman 1907)
Cypraea martini
Martin's Cowrie
Range: Western to Central Pacific
Cypraea (Notadusta) martini f. superstes (Schilder 1930)
Cypraea martini superstes
Martin's Cowrie
Range: Western to Central Pacific
Cypraea (Pustularia) mauiensis mauiensis (Burgess 1967)
Cypraea mauiensis
Maui Chick-pea Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Pustularia) mauiensis wattsi (Lorenz 2001)
Cypraea mauiensis wattsi
Maui Chick-pea Cowrie
Range: Northern Maui
Cypraea (Mauritia) mauritiana (Linne 1758)
Cypraea mauritiana
Mauritius Island Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea mauritiana albiflora
Mauritius Island Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) microdon (Gray 1828)
Cypraea microdon
Tiny-Toothed Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) midwayensis (Azuma & Kurohara 1967)
Cypraea midwayensis
Midway Island Cowrie
Range: China Sea
Cypraea (Cypraeovula) mikeharti (Lorenz 1985)
Cypraea mikeharti
Mike Hart's Cowrie
Range: Cape Point to Hermanus, South Africa
Cypraea (Erosaria) miliaris (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea miliaris
Millet Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) miliaris f. differens (Schilder 1927)
Cypraea miliaris differens
Millet Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and northwestern Australia
Cypraea miliaris diversa
Millet Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) miliaris f. inocellata (Gray 1825)
Cypraea miliaris inocellata
Millet Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific and northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) minoridens (Melvill 1901)
Cypraea minoridens
Small-toothed Cowrie
Range: Western Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) minoridens f. blandita (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea minoridens blandita
Small-toothed Cowrie
Range: Eastern Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) moneta (Linne 1758)
Cypraea moneta
Money Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) moneta f. barthelemyi (Bernardi 1861)
Cypraea moneta barthelemyi
Money Cowrie
Range: Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) moneta f. icterina (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea moneta icterina
Money Cowrie
Range: Eastern Africa
Cypraea (Erosaria) moneta f. rhomboides (Schilder 1933)
Cypraea moneta rhomboides
Money Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea moneta tuberculata
Money Cowrie
Range: Java
Cypraea (Muracypraea) mus mus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea mus
Mouse Cowrie
Range: Atlantic coast of Columbia and Venezuela
Notable: The typical mus from shallow habitats of Venezuela is characterized by the columnellar teeth fading midways, and the short labral teeth. (Lorenz, NLC, 2002)
Cypraea (Muracypraea) mus bicornis (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea mus bicornis
Mouse Cowrie
Range: Paraguana Peninsula, Columbia and Venezuela
Notable: The heavy-shelled, mostly tuberculate bicornis has a dentition similar to that of typical mus. It is found in somewhat deeper water offshore the Paraguana Peninsula. The shell's interior is purplish, the dorsum is usually paler brown instead of greenish. (Lorenz, NLC, 2002)
Cypraea (Muracypraea) mus donmoorei (Petuch 1979)
Cypraea mus donmoorei
Mouse Cowrie
Range: Colombia
Notable: This taxon is found along the coast of Columbia. It inhabits medium depth of 40-80m and is spongivorous. The main differences to bicornis are the distinct and long columnellar dentition, and orange basal blotch, longer labral teeth, and the white instead of purplish interior. (Lorenz, NLC, 2002)
Cypraea (Muracypraea) mus tristensis (Petuch 1987)
Cypraea mus tristensis
Mouse Cowrie
Range: Venezuela
Notable: Typified by a pyriform, inflated shell and distinct, coarse columnellar teeth, with pronounced spoonlike anterior flanges and no basal blotch. Among the mus forms this may be the one about which there is the greatest controversy.
Cypraea (Notadusta) musumea (Kuroda & Habe)
Cypraea musumea
Musumea Cowrie
Range: Japan to Melanesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) nebrites (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea nebrites
Fawn Cowrie
Range: Northwestern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Zonaria) nigropunctata (Gray 1828)
Cypraea nigropunctata
Black-spotted Cowrie
Range: Galapagos Islands, Ecuador and Peru
Cypraea (Lyncina) nivosa (Broderip 1827)
Cypraea nivosa
Cloudy Cowrie, Snowy Cowrie
Range: Burma to Thailand
Cypraea (Staphylaea) nucleus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea nucleus
Nucleus Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Staphylaea) nucleus f. gemmosa (Perry 1811)
Cypraea nucleus gemmosa
Nucleus Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) nucleus f. madagascariensis (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea nucleus madagascariensis
Madagascar Nucleus Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) nymphae (Jay 1850)
Cypraea nymphae
Nymph's Cowrie
Range: Chagos Archipelago
Cypraea (Erosaria) obvelata (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea obvelata
Bulging Cowrie
Range: French Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) obvelata f. nubilis (Sullioti 1924)
Cypraea obvelata nubilis
Bulging Cowrie
Range: French Polynesia
Cypraea (Erosaria) obvelata f. perrieri (Rochebrune 1884)
Cypraea obvelata perrieri
Ringless Bulging Cowrie
Range: French Polynesia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) occidentalis (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea occidentalis
Western Notocypraea
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) ocellata (Linne 1758)
Cypraea ocellata
Ocellate Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean to Melanesia
Cypraea (Notadusta) omii (Ikeda 1998)
Cypraea omii
Range: Japan
Cypraea (Erronea) onyx (Linne 1758)
Cypraea onyx
Onyx Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Central Pacific
Cypraea (Zoila) orientalis (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea orientalis
Raybaudi's Cowrie
Range: South Australia, Port Lincoln to St. Vincent Gulf
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) oryzaeformis (Lorenz & Sterba 1999)
Cypraea oryzaeformis
Ricegrain Cowrie
Range: Tuamotu Islands
Cypraea (Erosaria) ostergaardi (Dall 1921)
Cypraea ostergaardi
Ostergaard's Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Erronea) ovum ovum (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea ovum
Egg Cowrie
Range: China Sea to Northwestern Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) ovum chrysostoma (Schilder 1927)
Cypraea ovum chrysostoma
Golden-Bellied Egg Cowrie
Range: Solomon Islands to Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) ovum ovum f. palauensis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea ovum palauensis
Micronesian Egg Cowrie
Range: Micronesia
Cypraea (Bistolida) owenii owenii (Sowerby 1837)
Cypraea owenii
Owen's Cowrie
Range: Mascarenes
Cypraea (Bistolida) owenii vasta (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea owenii vasta
Owen's Cowrie
Range: Southeast Africa and Madagascar
Cypraea (Erronea) pallida (Gray 1824)
Cypraea pallida
Pale Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean to Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) pallida f. insulicola (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea pallida insulicola
Pale Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean to Philippines
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pallidula pallidula (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea pallidula
Pale Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Western Pacific except Australia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pallidula rhinoceros (Souverbie 1865)
Cypraea pallidula rhinoceros
Rhinoceros Pale Cowrie
Range: Australia to New Caledonia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pallidula rhinoceros f. simulans (Schilder 1940)
Cypraea pallidula rhinoceros simulans
Rhinoceros Pale Cowrie
Range: Australia to New Caledonia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pallidula rhinoceros f. vivia (Steadman & Cotton 1943)
Cypraea pallidula rhinoceros vivia
Rhinoceros Pale Cowrie
Range: Fiji and Samoa
Cypraea (Cypraea) pantherina (Solander 1786)
Cypraea pantherina
Panther Cowrie
Range: Red Sea and Gulf of Aden
Cypraea (Cribrarula) pellisserpentis (Lorenz 1999)
Cypraea pellisserpentis
Snake-Skin Cowrie
Range: Madagascar
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pellucens pellucens (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea pellucens
Translucent Tapering Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea teres
Cypraea (Blasicrura) pellucens panamensis (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea pellucens panamensis
Tapering Cowrie
Range: Panama, Galapagos
Cypraea (Zoila) perlae (Lopez & Chiang 1975)
Cypraea perlae
Elusive Cowrie
Range: Northwest Australia
Cypraea (Zonaria) petitiana (Crosse 1872)
Cypraea petitiana
Petit's Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Notable: Formerly considered a subspecies of Cypraea pyrum
Cypraea (Zonaria) picta (Gray 1824)
Cypraea picta
Ornate Cowrie, Painted Cowrie
Range: Cape Verde Islands and bulge of Africa
Cypraea (Notocypraea) piperita (Gray 1825)
Cypraea piperita
Peppered Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) piperita f. bicolor (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea piperita bicolor
Peppered Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) piperita f. dissecta (Iredale 1931)
Cypraea piperita dissecta
Peppered Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) poraria (Linne 1758)
Cypraea poraria
Porous Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Erosaria) poraria f. scarabeus (Bory 1827)
Cypraea poraria scarabeus
Porous Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) porteri porteri (Cate 1966)
Cypraea porteri
Porter's Cowrie
Range: Philippines, Taiwan, Queensland
Cypraea (Lyncina) porteri nigromaculata (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea porteri nigromaculata
Porter's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) pulchella pulchella (Swainson 1823)
Cypraea pulchella
Beautiful Cowrie
Range: Thailand, China Sea to Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) pulchella aliguayensis (van Heesvelde & DePrez 2002)
Cypraea pulchella aliguayensis
Beautiful Cowrie
Range: Mindanao, Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) pulchella novaebritanniae (Schilder 1937)
Cypraea pulchella novaebritanniae
Beautiful Cowrie
Range: New Guinea to Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) pulchella pericales (Melvill & Standen 1904)
Cypraea pulchella pericales
Beautiful Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Luria) pulchra pulchra (Gray 1824)
Cypraea pulchra
Lovely Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Persian Gulf
Cypraea (Luria) pulchra sinaiensis (Heimann & Mienis 2002)
Cypraea pulchra sinaiensis
Lovely Cowrie
Range: Northern Red Sea
Cypraea (Notocypraea) pulicaria (Reeve 1846)
Cypraea pulicaria
Flea-bitten Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Notocypraea) pulicaria f. euclia (Steadman & Cotton 1946)
Cypraea pulicaria euclia
Flea-bitten Cowrie
Range: Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Notadusta) punctata punctata (Linne 1771)
Cypraea punctata
Dotted Cowrie
Range: Melanesia, Western Pacific, Northeastern Indian Ocean to Somalia
Cypraea (Notadusta) punctata punctata f. atomaria (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea punctata atomaria
Dotted Cowrie
Range: Melanesia, Western Pacific, Northeastern Indian Ocean to Somalia
Cypraea (Notadusta) punctata berinii (Dautzenberg 1906)
Cypraea punctata berinii
Berini's Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Persian Gulf
Cypraea (Notadusta) punctata trizonata (Sowerby 1870)
Cypraea punctata trizonata
Three-Zoned Punctate Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Erronea) pyriformis (Gray 1824)
Cypraea pyriformis
Pear-shaped Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific to Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erronea) pyriformis f. smithi (Sowerby 1881)
Cypraea pyriformis smithi
Pear-shaped Cowrie
Range: Australia
Cypraea (Zonaria) pyrum pyrum (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea pyrum
Pear Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean and West Africa
Cypraea (Zonaria) pyrum angolensis (Odhner 1923)
Cypraea pyrum angolensis
Angolan Pear Cowrie
Range: Gabon, Angola
Cypraea (Zonaria) pyrum pyrum f. senegalensis (Schilder 1928)
Cypraea pyrum senegalensis
Senegalese Pear Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Blasicrura) quadrimaculata (Gray 1824)
Cypraea quadrimaculata
Four-spotted Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific to northwestern Australia
Cypraea quadrimaculata garretti
Four-spotted Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) quadrimaculata f. thielei (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea quadrimaculata thielei
Four-spotted Cowrie
Range: Australia
Cypraea (Notadusta) rabaulensis (Schilder 1964)
Cypraea rabaulensis
Rabaul Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Melanesia
Cypraea (Blasicrura) rashleighana rashleighana (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea rashleighana
Rashleigh's Cowrie
Range: Hawaiian and Clipperton Islands
Cypraea (Blasicrura) rashleighana pseudoteres (Lorenz & Barbier 1992)
Cypraea rashleighana pseudoteres
False Teres Cowrie
Range: New Caledonia
Cypraea (Austrocypraea) reevei (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea reevei
Reeve's Cowrie
Range: Northwest to South Australia
Cypraea (Zonaria) robertsi (Hidalgo 1906)
Cypraea robertsi
Robert's Cowrie
Range: Eastern Pacific
Cypraea (Zoila) rosselli rosselli (Cotton 1948)
Cypraea rosselli
Rossell's Cowrie
Range: Abrolhos Islands to Augusta, Western Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) rosselli latistoma (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea rosselli latistoma
Rossell's Cowrie
Range: Albany to Esperance, Western Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) rosselli satiata (Cotton 1948)
Cypraea rosselli satiata
Rossell's Cowrie
Range: Western Australia, Shark Bay
Cypraea (Zoila) rosselli satiata f. edingeri (Raybaudi 1990)
Cypraea rosselli satiata edingeri
Rossell's Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Notable: A golden form of Cypraea rosselli satiata
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) sakurai (Habe 1970)
Cypraea sakuraii
Sakurai's Cowrie
Range: China Sea, Philippines
Cypraea (Zonaria) sanguinolenta (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea sanguinolenta
Blood-red Cowrie
Range: Senegal, Gambia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) saulae saulae (Gaskoin 1843)
Cypraea saulae
Saul's Cowrie
Range: Japan, Taiwan, Philippines
Cypraea (Palmadusta) saulae nugata (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea saulae nugata
Saul's Cowrie
Syn: crakei (Cate 1968)
Range: Australia
Cypraea (Lyncina) schilderorum (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea schilderorum
Schilder's Cowrie
Range: Northern and Central Pacific
Cypraea (Mauritia) scurra scurra (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea scurra
Jester Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Mauritia) scurra indica (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea scurra indica
Indian Jester Cowrie
Range: Eastern Indian Ocean, Pacific
Cypraea (Mauritia) scurra indica f. retifera (Menke 1829)
Cypraea scurra indica retifera
Retifera form of Indian Jester Cowrie
Cypraea (Mauritia) scurra indica f. vono (Steadman & Cotton 1943)
Cypraea scurra indica vono
Jester Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Mauritia) scurra mundula (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea scurra mundula
Jester Cowrie
Syn: vono
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) semiplota (Mighels 1845)
Cypraea semiplota
Half-Extending Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Staphylaea) semiplota f. annae (Roberts 1869)
Cypraea semiplota annae
Half-Extending Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Purpuradusta) serrulifera (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea serrulifera
Serrated Cowrie
Range: French Polynesia
Cypraea (Neobernaya) spadicea (Swainson 1823)
Cypraea spadicea
Chestnut Cowrie, Date Cowrie
Range: California
Cypraea (Erosaria) spurca spurca (Linne 1758)
Cypraea spurca
Atlantic Yellow Cowrie
Range: Mediterranean and Atlantic
Cypraea (Erosaria) spurca verdensium (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea spurca verdensium
Atlantic Yellow Cowrie
Range: Atlantic
Cypraea (Staphylaea) staphylaea staphylaea (Linne 1758)
Cypraea staphylaea
Grape Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Western Pacific
Cypraea (Staphylaea) staphylaea consobrina (Garrett 1879)
Cypraea staphylaea consobrina
Grape Cowrie
Range: Melanesia to Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) staphylaea consobrina f. descripta (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea staphylaea consobrina descripta
Grape Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Staphylaea) staphylaea laevigata (Dautzenberg 1932)
Cypraea staphylaea laevigata
Smooth Grape Cowrie
Range: Western Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Staphylaea) staphylaea nolani (Lorenz 1989)
Cypraea staphylaea nolani
Nolan's Cowrie
Range: Natal to Transkei
Cypraea (Trona) stercoraria (Linne 1758)
Cypraea stercoraria
Rat Droppings Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea stercoraria rattus
Rat Droppings Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea stercoraria rufa
Rat Droppings Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida stolida (Linne 1758)
Cypraea stolida
Stolid Cowrie
Range: Central and Western Pacific
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida brianoi (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea stolida brianoi
Rusty Stolid Cowrie
Range: Southern Madagascar
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida clavicola (Lorenz 1998)
Cypraea stolida clavicola
Stolid Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida crossei (Marie 1869)
Cypraea stolida crossei
Cross's Stolid Cowrie
Range: Australia, Melanesia
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida kwajaleinensis (Martin & Senders 1983)
Cypraea stolida kwajaleinensis
Kwajalein Atoll Stolid Cowrie
Range: Marshall Islands
Cypraea (Bistolida) stolida rubiginosa (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea stolida rubiginosa
Rusty Stolid Cowrie
Range: Northeastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Blasicrura) subteres subteres (Weinkauff 1881)
Cypraea subteres
Subteres Cowrie
Range: Tuomotus
Cypraea (Blasicrura) subteres violacincta (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea subteres violacincta
Subteres Cowrie
Range: Tahiti
Cypraea (Erronea) subviridis subviridis (Reeve 1835)
Cypraea subviridis
Greenish Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) subviridis subviridis f. anceyi (Vayssiere 1905)
Cypraea subviridis anceyi
Greenish Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) subviridis dorsalis (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea subviridis dorsalis
Dorsal-Blotched Greenish Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) subviridis subviridis f. vaticina (Iredale 1931)
Cypraea subviridis vaticina
Greenish Cowrie
Range: East Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) succincta succincta (Linne 1758)
Cypraea succincta
Exposed Cowrie
Range: Northern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Erronea) succincta adusta (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea succincta adusta
Tanned Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Erronea) succincta melanesiae (Schilder 1937)
Cypraea succincta melanesiae
Melanesian Exposed Cowrie
Range: Malaysia to Melanesia
Cypraea (Erronea) succincta persica (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea succincta persica
Exposed Cowrie
Range: Persian Gulf
Cypraea (Lyncina) sulcidentata (Gray 1824)
Cypraea sulcidentata
Groove-toothed Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Blasicrura) summersi (Schilder 1958)
Cypraea summersi
Summer's Cowrie
Range: Fiji, Tonga
Cypraea (Proadusta) surinamensis (Perry 1811)
Cypraea surinamensis
Surinam Cowrie
Range: Brazil, Caribbean, Florida
Cypraea (Cribrarula) taitae (Burgess 1993)
Cypraea taitae
Tait's Cowrie
Range: Melanesia, West Polynesia
Cypraea (Talparia) talpa (Linne 1758)
Cypraea talpa
Mole Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Talparia) talpa f. saturata (Dautzenberg 1903)
Cypraea talpa saturata
Dark Mole Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) teramachii teramachii (Kuroda 1938)
Cypraea teramachii
Teremachi's Cowrie
Range: Japan and Taiwan
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) teramachii neocaledonica (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea teramachii neocaledonica
Teremachi's Cowrie
Range: New Caledonia
Cypraea (Nesiocypraea) teramachii polyphemus (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea teramachii polyphemus
Teremachi's Cowrie
Range: Philippines
Cypraea (Blasicrura) teres teres (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea teres
Tapering Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Philippines, central Pacific
Cypraea (Blasicrura) teres alveolus (Tapparone 1882)
Cypraea teres alveolus
Tapering Cowrie
Range: East Africa to Philippines, central Pacific
Cypraea (Blasicrura) teres janae (Lorenz 2002)
Cypraea teres janae
Tapering Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Luria) tessellata (Swainson 1822)
Cypraea tessellata
Checkered Cowrie
Range: Hawaii, Japan, Taiwan, Philippines
Cypraea (Luria) tessellata f. lani (Raybaudi 1986)
Cypraea tessellata lani
Checkered Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Chelycypraea) testudinaria (Linne 1758)
Cypraea testudinaria
Turtle Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Bernaya) teulerei (Cazenavette 1846)
Cypraea teulerei
Teulere's Cowrie
Range: Red Sea to Gulf of Oman
Cypraea (Zoila) thersites thersites (Gaskoin 1849)
Cypraea thersites
Humpbacked Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) thersites contraria (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea thersites contraria
Humpbacked Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) thersites thersites f. eburnea (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea thersites eburnea
Humpbacked Cowrie
Range: Southern Australia
Cypraea (Erosaria) thomasi (Crosse 1865)
Cypraea thomasi
Thomas's Cowrie
Range: Marquesas
Cypraea (Cypraea) tigris (Linne 1758)
Cypraea tigris
Tiger Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Cypraea) tigris f. lyncichroa (Melvill 1888)
Cypraea tigris lyncichroa
Tahitian Tiger Cowrie
Range: Tahiti
Cypraea tigris pardalis
Tiger Cowrie
Range: Southeast Asia
Cypraea (Cypraea) tigris f. schilderiana (Cate 1961)
Cypraea tigris schilderiana
Hawaiian Tiger Cowrie
Range: Hawaii
Cypraea (Erosaria) turdus (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea turdus
Thrush Cowrie
Range: Northern Red Sea
Cypraea (Erosaria) turdus f. nivea (Gray 1824)
Cypraea turdus nivea
Thrush Cowrie
Range: Red Sea
Cypraea (Erosaria) turdus f. pardalina (Dunker 1852)
Cypraea turdus pardalina
Thrush Cowrie
Range: Suez Area
Cypraea (Erosaria) turdus f. winckworthi (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea turdus winckworthi
Thrush Cowrie
Range: Oman and Persion Gulf
Cypraea (Bistolida) ursellus (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea ursellus
Little Bear Cowrie
Range: Western Pacific to Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Bistolida) ursellus f. amoeba (Schilder 1938)
Cypraea ursellus amoeba
Little Bear Cowrie
Range: Melanesia and Western Polynesia
Cypraea (Leporicypraea) valentia (Perry 1811)
Cypraea valentia
Lord Valentia's Cowrie
Range: Philippines to Melanesia
Cypraea (Lyncina) ventriculus (Lamarck 1810)
Cypraea ventriculus
Ventral Cowrie
Range: Central Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) ventriculus f. topee (Steadman & Cotton 1943)
Cypraea ventriculus topee
Ventral Cowrie
Range: Polynesia
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta venusta (Sowerby 1846)
Cypraea venusta
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Western to Southwestern Australia
Cypraea venusta bakeri
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta episema (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea venusta episema
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Western Australia, Perth to Augusta
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta episema f. sorrentensis (Schilder 1963)
Cypraea venusta episema sorrentensis
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Western Australia, Sorrento Bay
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta roseopunctata (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea venusta roseopunctata
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia, Albany to Great Australian Bight
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta roseopunctata f. profunda (Raybaudi 1990)
Cypraea venusta roseopunctata profunda
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta roseopunctata f. roseoimmaculata (Raybaudi 1985)
Cypraea venusta roseopunctata roseoimmaculata
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Southwestern Australia
Cypraea (Zoila) venusta venusta f. thatcheri (Cox 1869)
Cypraea venusta thatcheri
Delightful Cowrie
Range: Western Australia
Cypraea (Lyncina) vitellus (Linne 1758)
Cypraea vitellus
Pacific Deer Cowrie
Range: Indo-Pacific
Cypraea (Lyncina) vitellus f. dama (Perry 1811)
Cypraea vitellus dama
Pacific Deer Cowrie
Range: East Africa
Cypraea (Lyncina) vitellus f. orcina (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea vitellus orcina
Pacific Deer Cowrie
Range: Queensland, Australia
Cypraea (Lyncina) vitellus f. polynesiae (Schilder 1939)
Cypraea vitellus polynesiae
Pacific Deer Cowrie
Range: Melanesia to Polynesia
Cypraea (Erronea) vredenburgi (Schilder 1927)
Cypraea vredenburgi
Vredenburg's Cowrie
Range: Java, Bali
Cypraea (Erronea) walkeri walkeri (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea walkeri
Walker's Cowrie
Range: Indian Ocean to Philippines
Cypraea (Erronea) walkeri continens (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea walkeri continens
Australian Continent Walker's Cowrie
Range: Australia
Cypraea (Erronea) walkeri continens f. merista (Iredale 1939)
Cypraea walkeri continens merista
Australian Continent Walker's Cowrie
Range: Soutern Queensland
Cypraea (Erronea) walkeri surabajensis (Schilder 1937)
Cypraea walkeri surabajensis
Javan Walker's Cowrie
Range: Southeast Asia
Cypraea (Erronea) xanthodon (Sowerby 1832)
Cypraea xanthodon
Yellow-toothed Cowrie
Range: East Australia
Cypraea (Macrocypraea) zebra (Linne 1758)
Cypraea zebra
Zebra Cowrie
Range: Western Atlantic
Cypraea (Palmadusta) ziczac ziczac (Linne 1758)
Cypraea ziczac
Zigzag Cowrie
Range: Eastern Indian Ocean
Cypraea (Palmadusta) ziczac misella (Perry 1811)
Cypraea ziczac misella
Zigzag Cowrie
Range: East Africa, Natal
Cypraea (Palmadusta) ziczac signata (Iredale 1935)
Cypraea ziczac signata
Zigzag Cowrie
Range: Melanesia
Cypraea (Palmadusta) ziczac vittata (Deshayes 1831)
Cypraea ziczac vittata
Zigzag Cowrie
Range: Eastern Polynesia
Cypraea (Zonaria) zonaria (Gmelin 1791)
Cypraea zonaria
Zoned Cowrie
Range: West Africa
Cypraea (Zonaria) zonaria f. gambiensis (Shaw 1909)
Cypraea zonaria gambiensis
Zoned Cowrie
Range: West Africa