California reef covered with purple hydrocoral (Stylaster californicus, Allopora californica), Farnsworth Banks, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus, Catalina Island

Purple Hydrocoral On Farnsworth Banks

Pacific torpedo ray Tetronarce californica, amidst huge schools of fish and baitfish, Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island. This electric ray will shock the hell out of you if you are not careful, Tetronarce californica, Torpedo californica

Pacific Torpedo Ray Tetronarce Californica, Farnsworth Banks

Giant black sea bass, endangered species, reaching up to 8' in length and 500 lbs, amid giant kelp forest, Stereolepis gigas, Catalina Island

Giant Black Sea Bass, Catalina Island

Sunlight streams through giant kelp forest. Giant kelp, the fastest growing plant on Earth, reaches from the rocky reef to the ocean's surface like a submarine forest, Macrocystis pyrifera, Catalina Island

Giant Kelp Forest, Sunlight And Canopy

Garibaldi and golden gorgonian, with a underwater forest of giant kelp rising in the background, underwater, Hypsypops rubicundus, Muricea californica, Catalina Island

Garibaldi, Hypsypops rubicundus, swims in front of a golden gorgonian, with a underwater forest of giant kelp rising in the background, underwater. Catalina, California.

Aerial photo of the West End of Catalina Island

Aerial Photo Of Catalina Island

Submarine Reef with Hydrocoral and Invertebrates, Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Allopora californica, Corynactis californica, Stylaster californicus

Farnsworth Banks Underwater Reef With Hydrocoral

Garibaldi swims in the kelp forest, sunlight filters through towering giant kelp plants rising from the ocean bottom to the surface, underwater, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island

Garibaldi Swims In The Kelp Forest

The rare yellow zoanthid anemone Epizoanthus giveni, in large aggregations on the Yellow Wall at Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Epizoanthus giveni

Zoanthid Anemone Epizoanthus Giveni

Red gorgonian Leptogorgia chilensis, purple hydrocoral Stylaster californicus, and yellow zoanthid anemone Epizoanthus giveni, at Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus, Epizoanthus giveni

Red Gorgonion on the Yellow Wall, Farnsworth Banks

Sunlight streams through giant kelp forest. Giant kelp, the fastest growing plant on Earth, reaches from the rocky reef to the ocean's surface like a submarine forest, Macrocystis pyrifera, Catalina Island

Giant Kelp Forest, Sunlight And Canopy

Sunlight streams through giant kelp forest. Giant kelp, the fastest growing plant on Earth, reaches from the rocky reef to the ocean's surface like a submarine forest, Macrocystis pyrifera, Catalina Island

Giant Kelp Forest, Sunlight And Canopy

Garibaldi and Brown Gorgonian Muricea fruticosa, Catalina Island, with giant kelp stands reaching from the reef to the surface of the ocean in the distance.  The clown prince of the kelp forest, the Garibaldi, alternately poses for me and chirps at me to move away from his gorgonian

Garibaldi And Muricea Fruticosa

Pyrosome drifting through a kelp forest, Catalina Island. Pyrosomes are free-floating colonial tunicates that usually live in the upper layers of the open ocean in warm seas. Pyrosomes are cylindrical or cone-shaped colonies made up of hundreds to thousands of individuals, known as zooids

Pyrosome In Kelp Forest, Catalina

Gorgonian (yellow) that has been parasitized by zoanthid anemone (Savalia lucifica), and red gorgonian (Lophogorgia chilensis), Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Parazoanthus lucificum, Savalia lucifica, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis

Gorgonian Parasitized By Zooanthid Anemones, Farnsworth Banks

Red gorgonian Leptogorgia chilensis. The lower sea fan has its polyps retracted while the upper sea fan has all of its polyps extended into the current. Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, California, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis

Red Gorgonian Leptogorgia Chilensis, Farnsworth Banks

Giant Kelp Forest, West End Catalina Island, rendered in the round by a circular fisheye lens, Macrocystis pyrifera

Giant Kelp Forest, West End Catalina Island

Salema schooling amid kelp forest, Macrocystis pyrifera, Xenistius californiensis, Catalina Island

Salema In Kelp Forest

Juvenile garibaldi in motion, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island

Garibaldi, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island, California.

Kelp fronds and pneumatocysts. Pneumatocysts, gas-filled bladders, float the kelp off the ocean bottom toward the surface and sunlight, where the leaf-like blades and stipes of the kelp plant grow fastest. Catalina Island, California, Macrocystis pyrifera

Kelp Fronds And Pneumatocysts, Macrocystis Pyrifera

Garibaldi maintains a patch of algae (just in front of the fish) to entice a female to lay a clutch of eggs

Garibaldi On Its Algae Nest

California reef covered with purple hydrocoral (Stylaster californicus, Allopora californica) and palm kelp, with orange garibaldi fish whizzing by, Catalina Island, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus

Purple Hydrocoral On Farnsworth Banks

Red gorgonian (Lophogorgia chilensis) on Farnsworth Banks reef. Farnsworth Banks holds some of the most lush and colorful reefs to be found in California, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis, Catalina Island

Red Gorgonian On Farnsworth Banks

Kelp fronds and pneumatocysts, giant kelp forest, Catalina Island

Kelp Fronds And Pneumatocysts

Purple hydrocoral  Stylaster californicus, Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, California, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus

Purple Hydrocoral Stylaster Californicus, Farnsworth Banks

Giant black sea bass, gathering in a mating - courtship aggregation amid kelp forest, Catalina Island, Stereolepis gigas

Giant Sea Bass, Courtship Mating Aggregation, Catalina Island

Giant black sea bass, gathering in a mating - courtship aggregation amid kelp forest, Catalina Island, Stereolepis gigas

Giant Sea Bass, Courtship Mating Aggregation, Catalina Island

Submarine Reef with Hydrocoral and Invertebrates, Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus

Farnsworth Banks Underwater Reef With Hydrocoral

Red gorgonian Leptogorgia chilensis, purple hydrocoral Stylaster californicus, and yellow zoanthid anemone Epizoanthus giveni, at Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus, Epizoanthus giveni

Zoanthid Anemone Epizoanthus Giveni

Catalina Island, West End

Catalina Island

Red gorgonian (Lophogorgia chilensis) rises above fields of purple hydrocoral (Stylaster californicus, Allopora californica) on Farnsworth Bank, Catalina Island, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis

Purple Hydrocoral On Farnsworth Banks

Giant black sea bass, endangered species, reaching up to 8' in length and 500 lbs, amid giant kelp forest, Stereolepis gigas, Catalina Island

Giant Black Sea Bass, Catalina Island

Garibaldi and golden gorgonian, with a underwater forest of giant kelp rising in the background, underwater, Catalina Island

Garibaldi And California Golden Gorgonian

California golden gorgonian under a kelp forest, Catalina Island

California Golden Gorgonian In Kelp Forest

Fisheye view of a Giant Kelp Forest, Catalina Island

Fisheye View Of A Giant Kelp Forest

Fisheye view of a Giant Kelp Forest, Catalina Island

Fisheye View Of A Giant Kelp Forest

Diver and garibaldi, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island

Garibaldi

Marina algae, Stephanocystis dioica, Stephanocystis dioica, Catalina Island

Marina Algae, Stephanocystis Dioica

Kelp forest near Eagle Rock, West End, Catalina Island

Kelp Forest Near Eagle Rock, West End, Catalina Island

Garibaldi in kelp forest, near Eagle Rock, Catalina Island

Garibaldi In Kelp Forest, Near Eagle Rock, Catalina Island

Kelp forest near Eagle Rock, West End, Catalina Island

Kelp Forest Near Eagle Rock, West End, Catalina Island

Diver and Kelp Forest, Catalina Island

Diver And Kelp Forest, Catalina Island

Garibaldi in kelp forest, Catalina Island

Garibaldi In Kelp Forest, Catalina Island

Submarine Reef with Hydrocoral and Invertebrates, Farnsworth Banks, Catalina Island, Allopora californica, Stylaster californicus

Farnsworth Banks Underwater Reef With Hydrocoral

Giant black sea bass, endangered species, reaching up to 8' in length and 500 lbs, amid giant kelp forest. Catalina Island, California, USA, Stereolepis gigas

Black Sea Bass Underwater, Catalina Island

Blacksmith chromis and Garibaldi aggregation, Catalina, Chromis punctipinnis, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island

Blacksmith Chromis And Garibaldi Aggregation, Catalina

Parasitic zoanthid anemones (yellow) cover dead/dying brown gorgonian. Eagle Rock, Muricea fruticosa, Parazoanthus lucificum, Savalia lucifica, Catalina Island

Zoanthid Anemone

Garibaldi swims beside golden and red gorgonians, underwater, Hypsypops rubicundus, Leptogorgia chilensis, Lophogorgia chilensis, Muricea californica, Catalina Island

Garibaldi Swims Beside Golden And Red Gorgonians

Seagrass and southern sea palm, Catalina, Phyllospadix, Catalina Island

Seagrass And Southern Sea Palm, Catalina

Kelp fronds showing pneumatocysts, bouyant gas-filled bubble-like structures which float the kelp plant off the ocean bottom toward the surface, where it will spread to form a roof-like canopy

Kelp Fronds Showing Pneumatocysts

Pacific torpedo ray, Farnsworth Banks, Tetronarce californica, Torpedo californica, Catalina Island

Pacific Torpedo Ray

Marine algae, various species, in shallow water underwater, Catalina Island

Marine Algae

Blue-banded goby, Catalina island, Lythrypnus dalli, Catalina Island

Bluebanded Goby

Catalina Island and mountainous terrain on the weather (southeast) side of the island

Catalina Island And Mountainous Terrain On The Weather (Southeast) Side Of The Island

Assorted lowlying kelps, including surf grass and southern palm kelp, Catalina Island

Assorted Lowlying Kelps, Including Surf Grass And Southern Palm Kelp.

Garibaldi and gorgonian, Hypsypops rubicundus, Catalina Island

Garibaldi

Blackeye goby, Rhinogobiops nicholsii, Catalina Island

Blackeye Goby

Pacific torpedo ray, Farnsworth Banks, Tetronarce californica, Torpedo californica, Catalina Island

Pacific Torpedo Ray

Salema, Xenistius californiensis, Catalina Island

Salema

Spiny lobster, Panulirus interruptus, Catalina Island

Spiny Lobster

Diver and school of salema, Xenistius californiensis, Catalina Island

Diver and enormous school of salema, Xenistius californiensis, Catalina, California.